Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 5 page Reader was uploaded by Brittany Lewis on Thursday July 10, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 48 views.
Reviews for APUSHsample.pdf
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 07/10/14
I Pre Colombian Life to 1688 I A three main groups of American Indians see chart 1A II B life in Europe I Feudal system emerged with the rise of the catholic church I Pyramid structure with lords at the top I Lords were powerful because they owned land I Extremely decentralized and had a pyramid structure II Church owned lots of land became powerful II Renaissance arose in Europe around seventeen hundreds I Arose because of crusades I Humanism arose I Belief that people can challenge the church II Challenged authority and the way people think I Only was a matter of time before someone challenged the church I Reformation I Peace of Augsburg each king could determine the religion of his subjects II 1555 III The reformation broke the power of the pope and allowed for the rise of powerful kings I Could decide what religion they want to be II See chart 1B III Spain arose in Europe I By the end of the 140039s Spain was probably the most powerful of the big empires I When Philip the second became king of Spain Spain was already making a lot of money II Conquistadors had already been going over for Ferdinand and Isabella I Cortez Pizarro Coronado II First to come over III Brought over things from Colombian exchange IV Were cruel to Indians V Mainly in south part of north America I Santa fe and in Florida VI Wanted king to give them money III From the beginning the govemment of new Spain was under the direction of the king I King would appoint leaders II Went from Califomia to Caribbean islands IV Contrast to new England which was not controlled by English king V Spanish leaders kept Spanish colonists and conquistadors in line by using landrewards systems I Encomienda system I Made Spain very wealthy II King could get 15 of everything from America II Used slaves to produce goods and work land III Only 510 percent of settlers in Spanish colonies were Spanish I Rest were natives or slaves I Used Indian labor sometimes as slaves II In new England almost everyone was English VI Phillip the second tried to make the world catholic and spent most of the wealth from the americas on trying to convert the Netherlands see chart 1C I King sent missionaries over to the new world I Spanish used catholic priests to control the Indians 11 Pueblo revolt of 1680 I Only time Indians stood up to the Spanish I Temporarily II pg III Indians got horses but were eventually crushed IV The French in the new world I French had just gone through Edict of Nantes with French protestants I William of Navarre I Gave French Protestants rights II French were interested in money III Country was under the control of the king just like new Spain I King didn39t let Huguenots come in IV French were in north part of north america I Controlled Quebec 1608 II French were not in the country to take land just traded with Indians for the most part I Emphasis on fur trapping and trading I Mainly along rivers III No clearly defined settlements of French people V Roman catholic church sent missionaries into new France to build a stronghold against the protestants V The English in the new world I England is an island had a more consistent history because they didn39t have to worry about immediate enemies I Last successfully invaded in 1066 AD by William the Conqueror from France II Spain tried to invade later Napoleon did the same with the battle of Trafalgar II English king was limited in what he could do was different from king of Spain because the English king had to go to parliament and the people to get money I England had a constitutional monarchy I Constitutional government limited government I Constitution limits what govemment can do II Not one document in England III English had quotrule of lawquot idea I There are rules that everyone has to obey even king II Spanish and French had absolute monarchies III King English had to ask the representative government for money I Parliament would have quotif39 clauses II Henry the eighth had to act within the law to get Act of Supremacy making him head of the English church IV Hundred years war made french so excited that no one wanted to question the French king V English government under queen Elizabeth was becoming more progressive VI Elizabeth sent sir Walter Raleigh over to the new world to map the coast I Didn39t want to be outdone by French and Spanish II Raleigh named the whole of what would become the thirteen colonies quotVirginiaquot III Set up a colony at Roanoke VII Economic impulse for english colonization Chesapeake by Maryland and Virginia I Corporations put their money together to fund a venture to the new world to make money 1606 Plymouth company I Plymouth company didn39t every really make much money 1 Separate om Massachusetts bay company II Money would stay with individual citizens instead of queen and king I Had permission from English government III Owned by the London company AKA Virginia company I Promised investors large retums based on what the Spanish had found II People who needed a job or were being persecuted moved to the Plymouth colony III In 1604 about 104 men moved to the Plymouth colony to get jobs I Company needed workers II People stopped in the Chesapeake bay and created the Jamestown colony I Settlers did not know how to set up a colony II Not anywhere near as sophisticated as the local Indians III Captain John Smith took charge because the colony had no leader in 1607 I Only stayed a year II John Smith met with chief Powhatan and set up a relationship between the colonists and natives IV Terrible winter and things went from bad to worse V People started to leave II Up and down relationship with natives III Failure to find gold IV 1612 John Rolfe found that tobacco would grow in Jamestown I Was a market for tobacco people in Europe were curious about it II Tobacco became the new gold I Wasn39t enough to make the London company a lot of money II Tobacco wasn39t a stable enough product V The London company introduced the Headright System I Company wasn39t doing well so they had to give incentives to colonists I The London company would give away fty acres of land to anyone who would pay their own way to the Jamestown colony I Therefore people who paid their own way could be part of the govemment because they owned land II Indentured servitude was created I People would basically sell themselves to get to the new world II When people39s contracts expired they would be free but it was still very like slavery III Headright system where people could get land for paying their own way was only used in Virginia and Maryland VI First meeting of the House of Burgesses 1619 I First representative assembly because it was impractical for everyone who owned land to come to the assembly II First time the settlers themselves had a voice in their govemment III Continued to meet because it was practical VII First African indentured servants arrived in 1619 I Not when slavery began II Irony see point six VIII 1624 war between natives and Jamestown colonists I Natives led by Powhatan39s brother II Very bloody III Company went bankrupt IV Colony came under the control of the royal govemment I Was a success to some extent but failed for the company II Good from the perspective of the colonists VIII Religious impulse for colonization new england I English religious reformers were called Puritans I Really anyone who disagreed with the religious establishment I Could want to make big changes or only small ones II When Charles the second died edward the sixth took over I His regents were puritans and caused reforms to be made III Edward died and Mary took over I Very conservative II Puritans left and went to Switzerland III People became calvinists IV Elizabeth took over after Mary died I Allowed for religious toleration II Created the Act of T oleration I Allowed for different groups to spring up II Made her very popular III Stayed out of religion V James I came over from Scotland I Son of Mary II II Tired of dealing with John Knox head of Presbyterian church I Wanted civilization and conformity Ill Appointed a committee to translate the bible into English I quotsaintquot James bible IV Was not going to put up with opposition I Believed in divine right and thought he could do whatever he wanted to do 11 Did not deal well with people who wanted to make reforms VI From the time of the death of Elizabeth England was leading up to a civil war VII Under both James and Charles Puritans became hunted 1 Lots of persecution Persecution of puritans by king Charles and king James after 1603 I A group of extreme puritans called Separatists wanted to leave Church of England I First moved to holland 11 Got permission from the English govemment to move to Virginia IIICould range from being extremely dynamic to more moderate II Sailed over to Plymouth and created the quotPlymouth Plantationquot I Made king Charles happy because he didn39t have to deal with as many dissenters after the separatists left 11 Realized that they we not under the authority of the virginia govemment I Governed themselves with the may ower compact 1 Any decisions made would be made by consent 11 Wasn39t a constitution Ill Separatists were very godly but not well prepared 1 Only survived because of natives 11 Really believed that each member of the community would work for the good of the community I Communists because the individual was not as important as the community 111 Colonization of Massachusetts bay 1 John Winthrop I Calvinist I A person has been predestined to salvation ll Believed that he and his friends were predestined to the elect I They believed that there were two gods in competition for control 1 Between God and Satan ll Elect compromised army of God 111 Viewed themselves as God39s agents on earth IV Thought that if the Calvinist puritans didn39t save England God would destroy the earth ll Afraid of the ups and downs of the English economy Ill Believed in a covenant theory
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'