week3notes Phil 111
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Trevor Meed on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 111 at St. Cloud State University taught by Dr. Jordan Curnutt in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Multicultural Philosophy (Diversity) in PHIL-Philosophy at St. Cloud State University.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
Week 3 notes Start irom the eight fold path second category Mental discipline 6 7 8 0 6 Right effort develop the healthy mind by overcoming and avoiding evil and unwholesome mental states Achieve and maintain good and wholesome states of mind 0 7 Right mindfulness discipline the mind to attend to physical and mental phenomena Cultivate selfawareness emotion idea thought and sensations 0 8 Right Concentration practice of meditation progress through four stages of trance or Dhyana The purpose is to achieve focus calmness and equanimity Wisdom Factors 1 and 2 o 1 Right Understanding understand things as they really are The four noble truths 0 2 Right directed thought control the mind to focus on thoughts of love detachment compassion and nonviolence Avoid or reject thoughts of hatred envy greed anger revenge cruelty and violence This is the end of the Buhhdism chapter Next we will begin our study of Islam Islam 0 Has 18 billion believers 6 million in the US 0 Islam is anoun formed from an Arabic verb meaning to submit or to commit one self a Muslim is one who submits or one who commits himself to Islam 0 This religion is one of revelation and of a book The holy book of Islam is the Qur an o The homeland of Islam is by the Mediterranean peninsula o Mecca is the holy city of Islam 0 The Prophet of Islam is Muhammad 0 Within Islam there is a disagreement about images of Muhammad and GodAllah o Sunni Islam with a few minor exceptions rejects the images instead just accepts the name Muhammad in Arabic is an acceptably representation of Muhammad instead They believe that images are distractions when it comes to worship 0 Shia Islam supports pictures of Muhammad and Allah They are based in Iran 0 The birth of Muhammad was 570 CEAD in Mecca 0 As a youth and a young adult he worked in the Camel Caravan trade 0 This meant he got to travel a lot and around this period of time it is very rare for someone to travel a lot 0 His religion as a young adultkid was that of traditional Arab religion which has many gods Muhammad would often go to Mount Hira near Mecca to meditate and to contemplate life He did this in a cave The Night of Power and Glory Islamic In the year 610 ADCE the Angel Gabriel appeared before Muhammad he claims and begins to reveal to Muhammad a series of Revelations The Qur an is the records of the revelations which took place 610 to 632 0 Being literate was rare in that time period An estimated 90 of people could not read or write This leads to the conclusion that the author of the Qur an was not Muhammad but Allah Muhammad dies in the year 632 ADCE Beliefs AllahGod Is the creator of everything allpowerful allknowing The ultimate Judge of humans He rewards the righteous and punishes the sinners Is merciful compassionate forgives true repentances God of justice and punishes those who do not repent o Allah is the only God he has no kids or family he never came to Earth The word of God must be revealed through prophets Moses Noah John the Baptist and Jesus Jews came from Isaac the Arabs from Ishmael and Abraham was their father Qur an Jesus is just a prophet not the son of God he is always respected and esteemed when talked about Muslims believe that the Gospels and Torah are corrupted by the works of humans So Allah gave his will to Allah through Gabriel He also told Muhammad that he is the last and the best prophet of man They refer to our religion as the people of the book The people of Islam Judaism and Christians We all serve the same one true God but have some differing beliefs on core theology items and Jesus which makes us different The Five Pillars 1 Shahada No God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet 2 Salat the ve daily acts of devotion and prayer to Allah dawn midday midafternoon sunset and night Need to cleanse before pray They roll out a special prayer rug and face Mecca and offer Allah praise petitions and bowing
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