Week Three Notes
Week Three Notes SOWK 201 002
Popular in Introduction to Social Work Profession and Social Welfare
Popular in Social Work
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Carroll on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOWK 201 002 at University of South Carolina taught by Betsy Spriggs in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Social Work Profession and Social Welfare in Social Work at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
Week Three Notes CHAPTER 3 GENERALIST SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE Generalist Social Work Practice goal is to address problematic interactions between persons and their environments or surroundings They may work in or with 0 Schools Institutions On the street Elderly Community members Political arena 00000 Direct Practice oneonone interactions with clients Liberal Arts Foundation courses that apply to sowk degrees like stats sociology psych bio econ and polysci They introduce the idea that through understanding society its people and their challenges they will better understand their clients 0 Knowledge for a general sowk practice How the two parts of a degree interact with each other Field Education Social Work Methods or Practice Electives Social Human Behavior in the Social Environment Liberal Arts Foundation Social Policy SelfDeterminationl the right of people groups or communities to make choices design a course of action and live as independently as possible Critical ThinkingD the ability to re ect on and integrate information from an array of sources to form a position opinion or conclusion 0 Be able to express views con dently and support them 5 Most Important Theoretical Foundations 1 Systems Theory used to conceptualize problems within human systems and to introduce a change process It allows for a multidimensional analysis of function cause and interactions when considering avenues of change a Client system includes the client and the people and or groups in their life who in uence or help change a problem i Example 1 Client 2 Family 3 Work Church 4 Neighbors Ecological Mapljcan help organize a client system It indicates strong or weak connchons It is like a web Client Svstem with inputs and outputs lnputs communication patterns between people information transfer and knowledge acquisition Outputslj attitudes behaviors and role performance 0 Example Inputs Outputs Friends Networking Field educatik Career pathway Core SOWK classes Social Work gt competence Student Family ESuccess towards graduaM Hobbies selfsuf ciency 2 Ecological PerspectiveD focuses on people and their environments a Environments consist of a person39s physical and social settings b Consistently interacting with environments c Personinenvironment perspective understanding an individual and individual behavior in relationship to the environmental context in which that person lives and acts i People are affected both positively and negatively ii Adaptationcritical input of new ideas and output of energy effort 3 Empowerment Theory a set of ideas used to increase change possibilities a Help people help themselves b Empowerment provides people with the means to attain their goals either directly or indirectly i Empowerment makes collaboration necessary for success c Advocacylj is closely related to empowerment Using advocacy as a vehicle for empowerment supports social justice 4 Strengths Perspectivelj everyone has strengths they can use in solving their problems You as a social worker help them see their strengths Be looking for things they are good at during the assessment Assessment is crucial Listening to clients ideas to identify resources an opportunities Collaboration with clients as an equal partner in the change process Recognizing clients resilience to barriers Understanding communities untapped resources Duncp 5 Evidence based practiceD the use of research ndings to inform and evaluate practice and the sharing of practice experiences to inform and enrich research activities a Four Main Features i Client39s situation ii Clients goals values and wishes iii Clinical expertiseopinion iv External scienti c evidence b Keeps social workers aware of scienti c ndings and data Roles for Generalist Social Workers Advocate Broker Case Manager Researcher Counselor Mediator Navigator Generalist Social Workers work on the micro mezzo and macro levels The Change Process EngagementD sets the tone for the change process Earns trust and con dence 0 Begin developing rapport 0 Interview Proximity Expression Relative orientation Contact Eye Contact Individual gestures Voice Existence of adapters AssessmentD a two way street Both client and social workers are sizing each other up Planning guring out what to do 0 Case plan a contract to develop a collaborative plan to get them where they need to be Short and long term goals lmplementation the actual performance part of the plan they created with the social worker Evaluation monitor implementation of the pan and ensure that it is working Advocates of Change De ne the problem Recognize the strengths Developing awareness Lobbying and negotiation Generating and consuming research Facilitating social mobilization Planning events 70 of all mental health counseling comes from social workers
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