Week of September 8 - 12
Week of September 8 - 12 HI 1063
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grey Garris on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HI 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Andrew Lang in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 112 views. For similar materials see Early US History in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
HI 1063 Lecture Notes September 8 12 The American Revolution 1763 1783 Colonial Relationship in 1763 A The relationship between the New England Colonies and England was still fairly wellfunctioning at this point despite its tense overtone The colonials still saw themselves as British citizens and were happy to obey for the most part In 1763 Parliament and the King had consolidated their power and were controlling but they were not yet oppressive ll Explaining the Revolution A Causes 1763 1775 Treaty of Paris 1762 At the end of the French and Indian War also called the Seven Years War England had final decisive victory over France but the victory was almost too complete England had spent so much in their efforts to win the war that they had run up an enormous debt for the time period and didn t see a way to pay for it with their current system Problems in New England 1 2 a Trade Regulations Colonists continued to evade the laws even trading with France out of their own selfinterest Eventually the Crown and Parliament realized just how much money they were losing to the illegal trade system the colonists had and tried to start enforcing the laws again but simply didn t have te manpower or resources to do so The West from the edges of the colonies to the Mississippi River there was new territory that had been given to England as a result of the War Englishman flooded into the area but did so without authorization from the crown and found that they did not have the protection they were used to England simply couldn t provide enough soldiers to protect all of them 1 Pontiac s Rebellion The Native Americans of the Midwest resisted Colonial expansion A man named Pontiac incited a native rebellion that extended from modern day Pittsburgh to Detroit an enormous area and killed huge numbers of settlers The colonists began wondering if the British simply weren t capable of protecting them 2 Proclamation Line As an attempt to stop settlers from continuing to settle the Midwest Parliament passed a law called the Proclamation Line which created an imaginary line on the backs of the established colonies from the north to the south The colonials simply ignored it as an antagonizing pointless and impossibletoenforce law Parliament had simply failed to grasp the scope of the colonists ambitions and the growth that was occurring within them Debts and Taxes Britain s debt was over 120 million pounds which was impossible to comprehend in the time period The native citizens of England were already taxed enough so the Crown and Parliament looked to the colonies to pay instead They viewed it as only fair since the war was fought on their behalf anyways 1 Revenue Act of 64 In order to deal with the debt crisis a group was sent to the colonies to determine how best to tax the colonies They found that customs collections was costly in and of itself So they passed the Revenue Act which taxed goods made within the colonies The colonials didn t care because this had already been established anyways This didn t help England so the passed the Stamp Act 2 Stamp Act of 65 This Act taxed anything in the colonies that was a paper product The colonists were in uproar over it in unprecedented ways they began to form mobs Massachusetts led the charge against the Act by creating the Stamp Act Congress This organization gathered a Declaration of Rights and was the first place that determined that there should be no taxation without representationquot British merchants were financially damaged England s finances were hit by resistance to the Act mobs were increasingly dangerous and powerful By passing the Stamp Act Parliament had caused a crisis that no one would have predicted In 66 the Stamp Act was repealed by way of the Declaratory Act which was nothing more than a statement of power Stated that Parliament had the right to tax but the colonists really didn t care for this Act because it didn t change anything they didn t already know The British learned nothing from this venture though and arguments began over representation in Parliament England s response was that the colonies were virtually representedquot The colonies called bullshit
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