Week 3 Notes
Week 3 Notes Pol_Sc 1100
Popular in American Government
Popular in Political Science
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nia on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Pol_Sc 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by William Horner in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
Poli Sci 1100 Week 3 Notes 99 Guest Speaker Voter FYI Matches us with candidates based on our profiles 911 Constitutional Convention Madison and Hamilton 0 Hamilton didn t play as big of a role 0 Madison played a very key role New York was the most powerful state economically 5 Tactics used by the framers 0 Control the agenda I Hard for other people to bring up things you don t want brought up I Virginia had a complete draft of the constitution when they got to the convention I quotThe Virginia Planquot I Got a lot of the things they wanted by setting the agenda I Wanted Executive Branch Judiciary Stronger national government 0 Protect the participants I Took a pledge of secrecy I What happens in constitution hall stays in constitution hall I Cared about their reputation back home gt didn t want bad things from the convention getting back home I Presiding offer of the convention George Washington 0 When a stalemate is reached delegate I Couldn t agree on many things I 60 people trying to agree on one thing I Used committees to make decisions gt smaller groups of people I Easier to get things done in small groups than big groups I Delegate difficult problems to the committees I Great Compromise I Legislation and representation I Large states wanted representation based on size I Virginia Plan I Small states wanted equal representation I New Jersey Plan I Decided on a bicameral legislature I 2 Houses One based on population and one that is equal I 35 Compromise I Every slave counts as 35 of a person when deciding population for the houses I Other topics sent to committee Executive Branch How long president can serve whether or not the president can be reelected 0 When a stalemate is reached be vague or overlook the problem I Ex Article 3 Judiciary I Very vague I It could be figured out later on 0 Allow for future correction I This was just a startoutline I The constitution would evolve and change over time I Get the constitution complete and ratified instead of getting caught up on specific details I Selling point to those who were skeptical about the constitution The Constitution The Federalist Papers 0 Written by Madison Hamilton John J 0 Published in newspapers as a way to build public support of the constitution 0 Problems I Believed the consent of the people made the government legitimate I Didn t have faith in the people I Wanted a powerful government I Didn t trust anyone with power I Solution Representative government Reconciling the irreconcilable 0 Power of the people problem I Madison wanted to Limit political freedom by getting rid of political factions I Worried about people helping themselves over the people I Won t allow people to pursue their on personal agendas I Feared tyranny I Representative Government I Don t let people to rule directly for themselves I Elect officials to do the work I Filter opinions of commoners I Put barriers between them and decisions 0 Powerful government problem I Double security against tyranny and tyrannical government I Checks and balances I Separation of powers within the federal government I Large republic to control citizens I Government divided against itself I Different kinds of power executive legislative judicial I Give each power to a different branch of government I Competition between the branches I Ex Supreme Court has judicial review I Federalism I Separation of powers between the federal government and the state governments I Separate institutions sharing power SISP to get things done I Separate institutions Different powers Consequences of this design Federalism O O Stronger form of government than what existed before System where everyone has to share power I Inefficient system Can t get anything done Things only happen really quickly in times of crisis I Ex 911 civil war great depression Works how it was designed to work I Didn t want a government that could make laws quickly and easily wanted it to be deliberative and a discussion I Not designed to be an all powerful government
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