Week 2 Anthro 104 Notes
Week 2 Anthro 104 Notes Anthropology 104
Popular in Cultural Anthropology and Human Diversity
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
verified elite notetaker
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lexi Kazen on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Anthropology 104 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Jerome Camal in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Cultural Anthropology and Human Diversity in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Wisconsin - Madison.
Reviews for Week 2 Anthro 104 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/12/15
O O O O O O O universals vs diversity universals are often the product of ethnocentrism therefore anthropologists are often now suspicious of universals ethnocentrism vs cultural relativism making the strange familiar and the familiar strange Physical or biological anthropology Human evolution 0 Discover fossil remains and items like this Primatologists are a type of biological anthropologist Archeology Study of human past through study of material remains Look through piles of trash to nd out how people live Linguistic anthropology How humans use language Many divisions within this eld Cultural or social anthropology Ethnography Ethnology text created by cultural anthropologists ie Coming onge in Second Life humans have more in common than differences 0 What exists outside of culture 0 0 Biology Facts 0NO39 0 Is culture learned Yes Culture is learned and developed through the human life 0 How has the concept of quotculturequot developed in anthropology quotCulture or civilization taken in its wide ethnographic sense is that complex whole which includes knowledge belief art morals law custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by mans a s a member of societyquot Primitive Culture 1871 Unilineal Cultural Evolution 0 Some nations are more developed and considered more civilized than others Franz Boas 18581942 quotKulturebrillequot culture glasses 0 Historical Particularism Cultural diffusion Zora Neale Hurston rstone of the rst African American woman to become anthropologist and Margaret Mead exposed repressed sexuality of American women many gender roles exist from biological standpoint students of Franz Boas British Structural Functionalism quotA conceptual framework positing that each element of society serves a particular function to keep the entire system in equilibriumquot Guest 0 Nobody is useless in a society even homeless people and prisoners Bronislaw Malinowski 18841942 Claude LeviStrauss 19082009 0 Universal mind Structuralism 0 Deep structure 0 Everyone has the same intellectual capability Not everyone reacts the same way to the same events Guest quotA system of knowledge beliefs patterns of behavior artifacts and institutions that are created learned and shared by a group of people 0 How is quotculturequot acquired How does it manifest itself You are born into a particular group of people People can change and integrate themselves into a new culture simply by moving into a new environment The goals of culture are not static Culture is unconscious and by living in a certain society you naturally absorb the rules and tendencies of the particular culture Culture is learned enculturation 0 Clifford Geertz 19262006 Wrote an essay about a cock ght 0 Competition for prestige 0 Culture creates a quotfabric of meaning and beliefquot o Interpretivist approach In the 19th century anthropologists believed that all cultures evolved through a similar path from savage to civilized This theory is known as Unilineal cultural evolution ProfessorJerome Camal Office Hours Thursdays 24pm office social sciences 5313 ca malwiscedu Ethnomusicology bridge between anthropology amp musicology anthropology of music test 0 Top Hat questions re ect kind of questions that will be asked on the quotAnthropology is the study of humans past and presentquot Diversity and human universals things that all humans share like the use of language practice of religion and development of kinships human universals are not the main focus of anthropology today Anthropos manhumans logos the study of Ken Guest quotAnthropology is the study of the full scope of human diversity and the application of that knowledge to help people of different backgrounds better understand one anotherquot Has a unique approach Global in scope literally can work anywhere in the world including on the internet book for discussion in this class Start with people and their local communities ie how are people distributed in a stateregion Ethnographic fieldwork live with a community for an extended period of time in order to fully learn about their culture Studies how structures of power impact individuals and how individuals navigate structures of power ie the man has the power parents vs children have power Agency people make their own decisions within a structure of power Belief that all humans are connected 0 Try to understand each person s perspective ie Muslim woman vs Christian woman way of dress 0 Try to stay openminded like in above situation Why do women in today s society wear more clothes while exercising than men 0 Different levels of comfort in which women choose to be seen 0 Making the strange familiar and the familiar strange o It can be dangerous to think that one society is more evolved than another one 0 Today anthropology focuses less on human universals o Ethnocentrism vs cultural relativism
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'