Bio 110 Week 4 Notes
Bio 110 Week 4 Notes BIOL 110 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angelina Notetaker on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 110 001 at University of New Mexico taught by Thomas L. Kennedy in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Biology Non-Majors in Biology at University of New Mexico.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
Bio 110 Week 4 Notes Chapter 4 Scientific Revolutions Evolution by Natural Selection 0 Every theory begins with an observation 0 Some laws and theories are revolutionary the Earth is round 0 Some law and theories are revolutionary the earth is not the center of the universe 41 Revolutions in science Copernicus heliocentric 0 Newton laws of motion and gravity 0 Einstein special relativity Eme2 and general relativity 0 Darwin evolution by natural selection 42 Events leading to Darwin s theory of evolution by natural selection 0 Charles Lyell wrote Principles of Geology 0 Monument Valley Promoted Uniformitarianism The Earth is old 0 The Burgess Shale I Ancient sea shells in mountains 0 Lamarck Proposed the theory of acquired characteristics 0 Malthus wrote about exponential population growth 43 Darwin s Journey to discovery 0 Charles Darwin 1840 Aged 31 years 0 HMS Beagle circa 1831 Plasma um In E gn39rnm cape Hedwle TamiHIE Gala pagans nance Malingail 5 Eallm Liir39na H fa39l illtitiua Faun r111quot Janina Sydney Helpiaraim f mtwidea EEIIFIVEI TU39HF q quot Baum Haltan Falkland Miami395 0 First Stop Cape Verde Islands 0 Fossils high above the water 0 Darwin spent most of his time in South America making collections 0 Fossils high above the water 0 Discovered more marine fossils high up in the Andes O The Galapagos Islands are home to many unique animals that are similar to animals in South America Darwin s Finches 0 End up being a five year journey 44 Darwin s Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection 0 Species change over time This is a Fact 0 Modern mammals and reptiles evolved from ancient amphibians which themselves evolved from fish 0 There is great diversity in life 0 There is also unity in life 0 Evolution explains the unity and diversity of life 0 Descent with modification explains unity and diversity of life 0 Darwin observed variation within populations 0 There is variation among the individuals I Example Crown anoles from El Yunque National Forest in Puerto Rico illustrate variation among individuals in a population 0 Darwin knew more individuals are born than can survive 0 There are more individuals born than can survive I Example A mass of tadpole eggs in the San Mateo Mountains NM Not all of these individuals will survive to adulthood 0 Darwin knew more individuals are born than can survive 0 Survival and Reproduction are not random 0 Favorable traits accumulate over time 0 Evolution by natural selection 0 Descent with Modification 45 Support from the fossil record 0 Rock Layers 0 Law of Superposition younger rocks are on top older rocks are on bottom 0 Transitional Fossils 0 A fossil of Archaeopteryx a transitional species with characteristic of birds and dinosaurs 0 Your Inner Fish by Neil Shubin End of Week 4 notes 0 Also Week 5 Notes will hopefully be upload by next Friday or Saturday at the latest Thank you for using Studysoup and have a great three day weekend