Psychology Notes, Week 6
Psychology Notes, Week 6 PSYC 1101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Natalie Neugebauer on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Tim Flemming in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Intro to General Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
02/23/16 CHAPTER 6 Memory Recall (Self-Generating) vs. Recognition (Familiarity) Processes 1) Encoding – putting info in learning / making associations 2) Storage – keeping info there – keeping info active 3) Retrieval – getting info out 3-Stage/ Modal Model 1) Sensory Memory (Buffer/ Register) - Capacity: Large/ Everything in our senses - Duration: 50 ms – 1s Persistence of Vision/Sound 2) Short Term Memory- Capacity: Chunking - Duration: 15-20 s 3) Long Term Memory- Capacity: Unlimited - Duration: Unlimited Transfer to LTM Processing Levels: Automatic (encoding – implicit association) – Shallow Processing- Unconscious/ Minimal Conscious Attention Effortful (Conscious) – Deep connecting to info already in LTM Spaced (Ahead off time) vs. Massed (Cramming) Practice – Attention (1) & Memory Consolidation (2) Testing Effect: Retrieval Practice 02/25/16 Memory at the Neural Level 1)Encoding 2)Storage 3) Retrieval Synaptic Changes- Wiring Together = Long-Term Potentiation –strengthening of a synapse, in likelihood that a postsynaptic neuron will fire Retrieval 1) #NT released up 2) # Post-synaptic receptors up Retrieval Cues- Recognition Things that were encoded a the time of learning Context- Depend. Memory- Encoding Specificity State- Depend./ Mood Congruency Environment Implicitly Assoc. w/ “to-be-learned” material Working Memory Sensory WM LTM Forgetting? = Difficulty in Access of Memory Encoding (Attentional) Failure – didn’t properly/effectively get information in Vs. Retrieval Failure Storage Decay (= “slow death” of synapeses) = Forgetting – Difficulty in firing due to decrease in strength to synapses (opposite of LTP) Interference/ Construction Errors ( Retrieval is “Re- Constructive”) - Misinformation Effect Misleading Post Event Info (MPI) Source Amnesia
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