Psychology Notes, Week 7
Psychology Notes, Week 7 PSYC 1101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Natalie Neugebauer on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Tim Flemming in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Intro to General Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
3/1/16 Cognition- Thinking (using mental abilities- connect events) and Problem- Solving Concepts/visual(mental) imagery -Prototypes = averaged form of all of the members of a particular category Problem-Solving -Trial and Error = random and blind (use it when you have no idea, novel situation) -Algorithms = step by step procedures that somehow guarantee an outcome -Heuristics = rule based strategies; predisposed “ways of thinking” Obstacles to Problem-Solving -Mental set = default mode of thinking -Functional Fixedness = default function of an item- inhibits thinking about other functions -Conformation bias = prefer belief-confirming information -Availability Heuristic = likelihood of events that are more salient -Overconfidence -Belief Perseverance Encoding = making association = learning Memory = recalling association Cognition = “doing something” with those associations; connecting; integrating; applying; transforming 03/03/16 CHAPTER 7 Reasoning- transformation of information to reach conclusions Special facts Inductive (unsafe) General rule Deductive (safe) Thinking Creatively – Producing Ideas Convergent “agreement on one” – Problem-Solving Divergent (Creative) “in all directions” – Generation of novel ideas/novel ways of thinking, putting Mental set aside Language & Thinking Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis Vs. Linguistic Determinism Language & the Brain 1) Wernicke’s Area- comprehension 2) Broca’s Area - production Universal Grammar - Aptitude for … (capacity for the kinds of specialized processing that long. Requires) Syntactic Processing rapid sequencing/ pattern Vs. Sequence of learned associations Language Development 1) Receptive – Wernicke’s - Listening/ Understanding 2) Productive – Broca’s - Speak (Babbling) Critical/ Sensitive Periods Time-Sensitive landmarks in Brain Development NS requires input to develop