Week 4 Notes
Popular in Social Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley J Schuhl on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 223 at Illinois State University taught by Glenn Reeder in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
Wednesday 9915 Baserate fallacy and the power of vivid information 0 We are in uenced more by dramatic or vivid events than we are by statisticsprobability Students are more likely to pick classes based on testimonials from a couple of people than they are from the stats about many people The illusion of control people overestimate their ability to control chance events 0 People felt more likely to win a raf e when they were able to pick their own number than if they were randomly assigned a number Stereotypes beliefs that associate groups with certain traits such as gender age race Prejudice negative feelings toward a person based only on group membership Discrimination behaviorusually negative towards the members of groups 0 When the US was at war with Japan they sent away JapaneseAmericans to camps for fear that they would be helping Japan in the war somehow even though there was no proof of anything like that Stereotypes prejudice and discrimination are related to each other Old fashion racism Ku Klux Klan is now uncommon racism has quotgone undergroundquot lmplicit racism unconscious or unintentional racial preferences At the biological level race doesn t really mean much at all We share 999 of DNA no matter the race White Americans can be ambivalent con icting stereotypespreferences Events tend to be interpreted in stereotypical ways oThere have been events where police see black men as pulling out guns when they were actually keys wallets or even a candy bar and end up shooting an unarmed man 0 Friday 91115 Institutional racism American schools are still segregated 0 Middle school was shown pictures where one person had lost something and another person was leaning down to pick up money off the oor They were more likely to think the person of their own race was doing something good Shows underlying prejudice Stereotype threat people worry others will stereotype them this can be distracting and can impair our capabilities o lmpairs performance on academic tasks black students performed better when the experimental task was described as unrelated to intelligence Might ve been more nervous when they were told it was an intelligence test 0 Stereotype threat leads students to disengage from academics the people who feel stereotyped they might feel like they don t belong and want to get out of that situation 0 Remedy selfaffirmation and sense of belonging ex Have them talk about their most important values and this seems to protect them from the effects of stereotype threat 0 Stereotype threat affects women s math performance people were told either there was or wasn t a gender difference for the experimental test women performed much better when they were told there wasn t a gender difference and the men actually did worse than when they didn t think there was a difference 0 Gender roles start early dress babies in genderrole clothes like pink vs blue 0 Prevalence of prejudice against women 0 Strong gender stereotypes exist ex when people are asked if women are more emotional than men over 75 of men agree with this and women agree with the stereotype too 0 Members of the stereotyped group actually agree 0 There is less prejudice now and sex roles are a lot less rigid than they used to be ex occupational expectations what type ofjob you re expected to have Faceism pictures of women focus on their body but pictures of men focus more on their faces 0 Gender stereotypes 0 They are prescriptive they suggest what should be 0 They re often ambivalent o Benign sexism places women on a pedestal because they are gentle and moral which might seem kind of positive but it implies that women are fragile and need to have a man take care of them 0 Think about Donald Trump says he loves women but tares women down that ask him hard questions or are competing against him 0 Hostile sexism attributes incompetence to women Media provides con icting images of women Hooters vs Rosie the Riveter Stereotype content model stereotypes have a particular content group stereotypes vary along two dimensions warmth and competence warm vs cold and competent vs incompetent 0 Hilary Clinton is high in competence but low in warmth people don t tend to like her 0 A homemaker would be seen as a warm person but not very competent Was Ann Hopkins a victim of discrimination She was a successful accountant outperformed her colleagues but they got promoted to partners Her bosses said that they didn t like her because she was kind of masculine and abrasive o Seems like women have to choose between warmth and competence can t really have it both ways 0 Many times the warmth dimension is more important than competence to others Social Role theory of stereotypes men and women occupy different roles in stereotypes Leads people to infer such differences are natural that its part of their genetics