Class Notes 3 - World History
Class Notes 3 - World History Hist 1111
Popular in Survey of World History to 1500
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lina Stoilova on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1111 at Georgia State University taught by Carolyn M. Zimmerman in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 87 views. For similar materials see Survey of World History to 1500 in History at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
Week Notes 3 gt The Rise of CityStates 0 Why didn t Chiefdoms evolve into states 0 They were not good at governing or administrating a democracy 0 Their warfare was causing way too much destruction causing them to gain what they were fighting for but also lose it right after 0 The elites were forced to rule they had no choice They were also too afraid to act on that and speak out against it 0 When warriors rule states will not work 0 Agrarian Community Characteristics 0 They were very poor all the food they farmedmanufactured went straight to the elites so they can have the energy to battle in wars Manufacturing food also took a very long time I Handmade very high quality 0 Their communications were very slow The transportation was also expensive 0 These people had a very small population as well as small cities and they were either rich or poor no middle class 0 Very weak They didn t have much food 0 The Agrarian Pyramid From highest to lowest 0 This is the political leader King or Emperor O mese were the warriors as well as the priests and scribes These people provided protection for the commoners This was the lowest class These people were the majority in the chiefdoms They were forbidden to leave the land because they had to stay and farmmanufacture food for the higher class only the higher class was allowed to leave 0 This was the men They were required to fight and do all the manly jobs 0 This was the women They were required to sit at home in private and be housewives They weren t allowed to go on the battlefield I The commoners state had 0 power They had no say in how they were being ruled I Power above people gt Sumeria This is where they began most of the agriculture It was between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers I Sumeria was formed between 4000 and 3000 BCE 0 These were stacked pyramids similar to pyramids in Egypt They were also like temples 0 The first writing form very simple was used for economic transactions also was used to tell stories 0 This story involved a half man half fish who was teaching the people on ways to improve themselves This caused a revolutionary change 0 The Sumerians had similar gods They saw them as cruel to the people gt Egypt 0 Home to the Nile River It owed on a regular schedule These people had a stable life 0 They saw the afterlife as happy 0 Sacred writings This did not involve religion 0 The paper the wrote on gt Indus Valley 0 Very organized 0 They traded with Mesopotamia gt Norte Chico Peru 0 No war 0 No writing method 0 A counting method with a series of colorful strings that were knotted gt Olmecs 0 They had kings warfare and a writing method 0 They had ritual sacrifices 0 Shaped the Aztec and Mayan civilizations gt Yellow River Valley Northern China 0 These people placed various symbols on bones like turtle shells and threw them into fire to create cracks that they considered and answers to something gt Common characteristics between the early states 0 They all have a priest or some kind of a religious elite 0 Rivers 0 Slaves in the cities the majority of the commoners were farmers in the countryside 0 Absence of a warrior elite 0 Many things were based on religion 0 Men were superior to women