Understanding Architecture Weke 7
Understanding Architecture Weke 7 10001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Layne Henwood on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 10001 at Kent State University taught by David Hughes (P) in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 87 views. For similar materials see UNDERSTANDING ARCHITECTURE in Architecture at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Baroque Decided to take renaissance but seriously messed with it Renaissance wanted circle and square as symbolic shapes o Baroque wanted an oval If you see an oval is it Baroque Deliberately complex o Complex for the sake of being complex Three columns in a row o Have more columns than necessary Arch is "broken" o Sculpture in the middle o Not connected at top Fusion of architecture and sculpture Repetition of unnecessary sculptures Making their presence and power known o Architecture followed that Triangle and circle o Not square and circle like Renaissance Consider what is also outside of the building o Oval shaped pond Church is shaped more like a mausoleum o Centered around an axis Large jump in scale o Not height but size o Churches are huge Absolutism What Started the Romanesque Period Fall of the Roman empire Birth of Christ What ended the Romanesque Period? Need for more light (natural light) Feel more safe, can have bigger windows Not as fearful After comes Gothic- start of Gothic Era ends things Gothic- what ended it? Church is at highest power Catholic church starting to splinter Humanism o Man had decided Christ came from the womb of a female human so they must have some importance o The Virgin Mary Famine and plague Led to Renaissance Renaissance- what ended it? Things are smaller, more human scaled Not all major buildings are churches now Rise for industry and businesses Circles and squares o Heaven and Earth o Now God and man o Together as one What ended it o Mannerism o Form and function were fighting each other o Absolutism Kings and Queens had all the power- rise of the monarch Led to baroque Baroque- What ended it? Over the top just because they could Started feeling heavy and massive because everything was so busy Rococo o Started in Paris o Meant a shell, the shell o Made the sculptures and excess lighter and lacier o Lightened colors and materials o Visual effect with o structural truth o Ended Baroque Biggest reason- people got pissed about the monarchy Western civilization o Monarchy started to fall and lost power Origins of Modernism Modern architecture started in the 1700's Product of western civilization Democratic and commercial revolution Growth in power of business Decreased in power of church Strong reliance on scientific inquiry Age of Enlightenment Revolutionary time o People were revolting Large population growth Agricultural revolution Beginning of banking o People borrowing money Growing middle-class Romanticism o Romantic view of what things could be Revolution often means throw everything away and start over New sensitivity to nature o French try to make every manmade o English is more random Strive fro the picturesque and romantic John Ruskin o Around 1700's o Not good at architecture but wrote very profoundly about it and affected all the architects o Changed entire course of architecture o Searching for truth o 7 Lamps of Architecture ALL ARE PERTINENT TODAY EXCEPT LAST Functionally expressive ornament Something that is there just for looks and doesn't have a real function at all He says it needs a function if you are going to have it Truth in expression of building materials Stone should look like stone, wood look like wood, etc. Expressive massing A big room should have big walls behind it, if your floor plan has a circle on the inside there should be one on the outside Beauty derived through observation of nature Find patterns in nature that can be mimicked Bold and irregular forms Nature has this, not symmetrical, doesn't have to be symmetrical Durable construction Should be well made, self explanatory Adhere to traditional Christian forms Gothic is pinnacle of Christian architecture The one we do not always follow today
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