Geography 20, Week 7 Notes
Geography 20, Week 7 Notes GEG 20CD
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Mathias on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEG 20CD at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Robert Ziegenfus in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Elements of Culture Geography in Geography at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Geography 20—Week 7 (29/2 - 4/3) Monday, Feb. 29 I. Amish Society A. Origins 1. Began with the Mennonites (Menno Simons—1496-1561) 2. Anabaptist movement in 1525 (Martin Luther). Note: Unlike Catholics, Anabaptists don’t believe in child baptism. 3. Jacob Amman broke away from the Mennonites in 1693 a. His followers were originally called the Ammansch (sp?) b. His opinions about certain practices were different from the Mennonites’ c. He wanted more conservative principles 4. Berks County was the first place in the US that the Amish settles in 1740 a. There was an Indian massacre in 1757 during which all but three of the Amish settlers were killed 5. After the massacre, the Amish moved to Lancaster County a. Many moved to the US from Switzerland, France, and Germany. They travelled to England, then took a boat to this country 6. Most Amish today live in the Northeast (mainly PA and OH) a. Amish population is kept track of by the number of churches there are; Old Order Amish worship in homes and barns, so it is more difficult to keep track of the number of communities B. Religion 1. They use the Ausbund (songbook) in all of their church services 2. Bibles are given to individuals when they make their vows to the church 3. Church services are usually about three hours long 4. Congregation is seated by gender C. Burial 1. Simple gravestones 2. Adults have larger gravestones than children do 3. Families are generally buried together 4. Gravesites are very uniform (no big and fancy gravestones) to signify that all are equal in death, no matter their position in life D. Farms 1. Most Amish make their living through agriculture (some do things like carpentry instead) 2. Amish buggies are black and grey as opposed to all black Mennonite buggies 3. They do not use electricity, tractors, or rubber tires 4. The Amish do occasionally to business with the “outside world” 5. They don’t pay for social security because they don’t use it. Community members support each other if the need arises rather than relying on the government E. Education 1. Only an 8 grade education is required 2. Most Amish schools only have one room and an outhouse 3. Teachers are generally young and unmarried women F. Extended Family 1. Extended families often live together in one big house. Small apartments are added onto the main house for older parents 2. The youngest son takes over the farm once his parents are too old to take care of it a. If a family has all girls, the farm is usually sold (they try to sell Amish farms to other Amish people) Wednesday, March 2 Class Cancelled Friday, March 4 Culture/Ethnicity Issues: Global to Local I. International Examples A. Africa 1. Many different ethnicities are found across the continent, sometimes one may be found in multiple countries. This can lead to conflict within countries and cause civil war. Ex: Ethiopia and Eritrea split in 1993 because of civil war B. Soviet Union 1. When the Soviet Union broke apart, all of the –stan countries were named after whatever ethnic group was living there. Ex: Kazakhstan is where the Kazakhs live. C. Russia 1. Russia is divided by many different ethnicities and they don’t all get along D. Yugoslavia 1. Broke up into several different countries based on ethnicity (for the most part) and language 2. Ethnic Cleansing in Kosovo a. Before Kosovo broke away from Serbia, the Serbs would go into villages and destroy people’s homes. They were forced to live out in the woods until the UN was finally able to intervene E. India 1. Indian provinces of Jammu and Kashmir have been fighting constantly since India gained its independence from Britain. Two wars have been the result of the conflict II. Clustering Patterns and International vs. Internal Migration in the US A. Ethnicity vs. Race 1. Ethnicity: Identity with a certain group of people with a specific set of cultural traditions or a specific place of origin 2. Race: Identity with a certain group of people with similar ancestry B. People Groups in the US 1. African Americans: Highest rates of African Americans live in the Southeast (clustering pattern) with both internal and international migration a. Longitudinal migration from the South to big Northern and Western cities (NYC, Detroit, SoCal) 2. Hispanics: Highest rates of Hispanics live in the Southwest (clustering pattern) with international migration (mainly from Mexico) 3. Asians: Highest rates of Asians live in the West (CA, HI, and AK) (clustering pattern) with international migration 4. Native Americans: Highest rates of Native Americans liv in the Southwest on reservations (clustering pattern) with internal migration III. Ethnic Divisions in Cities A. Many big cities are divided into ethnic sections 1. People from the same ethnic group tend to group together so they can have their own schools, churches, etc. 2. Ethnic shops for a specific group are more and more common. Ex: Korean shops in which only Korean is spoken 3. Ethnic concentrations are constantly changing in the US
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