Psychology Chapter 7
Psychology Chapter 7 PSYC 1010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Payton Chance on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1010 at University of Oklahoma taught by Jenel Cavazos in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Elements of Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 7 MEMORY Encoding First step in encoding: pay attention! Divided attention, multitasking = poor encoding Levels of Processing Theory: the degree to which new material is mentally analyzed Shallow Processing Physical and perceptual features are analyzed (the lines, angles, and counter that make the physical appearance of an object, such as a car) Intermediate Processing Stimulus is recognized and labeled (the object is recognized as a car) Deep Processing Semantic, meaningful,symbolic characteristics are used ( associations connected with car are brought to mind— you think about the Porsche or Ferrari you hope to buy or the fun you and friends had on spring break when you drove a car to the beach) Elaboration : difference connections that are made around a stimulus Memories are organized in networks of related concepts Examples: Charles has just learned about elaborative rehearsal as a way of improving memory. He wants to use this method in studying for an upcoming exam. Which of the following methods would fit the criteria for this kind of rehearsal? Answer: coming up with as many related images, ideas, and examples as he could of the concepts he is trying to remember Memory Storage Memories travel through 3 storage systems: Sensory Input Short Term Memory LongTerm Memory Sensory Memory Shapshot system that stores sensory information with high precision for every brief periods Short Term Memory Information is given meaning Less complete representation than sensory memory Information is held for 1525 seconds Can hold 7 + pieces of information Chunk: Meaningful grouping of stimuli that can be stored as a unit. Working Memory Working Memory : a mental scratchpad that allows us to hold information temporarily as we perform cognitive tasks. Phonological Loop : speechbased information about language sounds Visuospatial Working Memory : visual and spatial information. Central Executive: integrates information and communicates with longterm memory LongTerm Memory Permanent memory storage system Unlimited capacity for information Filed and coded so that we can retrieve it when needed (in theory) Systems of LongTerm Memory: Explicit Memory (conscious): conscious memory for specific facts and information Semantic: world knowledge (learned in school) Episodic: biographical life experiences (episodes in your life) Implicit Memory (nonconscious): Memory affected by proc experience without a conscious recollection of that experience Procedural: memory for skills (driving a car) Priming: activation of stored information (suggestions) Classical Conditioning: making an association between two things Example: Tori remembers how to drive a car with a manual transmission, but when asked how she does it, she just says, "I don't know—it's automatic." This is an example of her _______. Answer: implicit memory Neuroscience of Memory Certain brain areas specialize in different memory related activities Hippocampus: consolidation of memories, initial encoding of memories Amygdala: emotional component
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