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Psychology Chapter 7

by: Payton Chance

Psychology Chapter 7 PSYC 1010

Marketplace > University of Oklahoma > Psychlogy > PSYC 1010 > Psychology Chapter 7
Payton Chance
GPA 3.5

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Elements of Psychology
Jenel Cavazos
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Payton Chance on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1010 at University of Oklahoma taught by Jenel Cavazos in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Elements of Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Oklahoma.

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Date Created: 03/06/16
PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 7 MEMORY  Encoding  ­ First step in encoding: pay attention!       ­ Divided attention, multitasking = poor encoding  ­Levels of Processing Theory:  the degree to which new material is mentally analyzed       ­ Shallow Processing­ Physical and perceptual features are analyzed (the lines, angles, and  counter that make the physical appearance of an object, such as a car)       ­ Intermediate Processing­ Stimulus is recognized and labeled (the object is recognized as a  car)       ­ Deep Processing­ Semantic, meaningful,symbolic characteristics are used ( associations  connected with car are brought to mind— you think about the Porsche or Ferrari you hope to  buy or the fun you and friends had on spring break when you drove a car to the beach)  ­Elaboration : difference connections that are made around a stimulus  ­ Memories are organized in networks of related concepts  Examples: Charles has just learned about elaborative rehearsal as a way of improving memory. He wants to use this method in studying for an upcoming exam. Which of the following methods  would fit the criteria for this kind of rehearsal? Answer: coming up with as many related images, ideas, and examples as he could of the concepts he is trying to remember  Memory Storage  ­ Memories travel through 3 storage systems:  ­ Sensory Input   Short­ Term Memory  ­ ­ Long­Term Memory Sensory Memory  Shapshot system that stores sensory information with high precision for every brief periods ­ Short­ Term Memory  ­Information is given meaning      ­ Less complete representation than sensory memory  ­ Information is held for 15­25 seconds  ­ Can hold 7 +­ pieces of information       ­ Chunk: Meaningful grouping of stimuli that can be stored as a unit.  Working Memory  ­Working Memory : a mental scratchpad that allows us to hold information temporarily as we  perform cognitive tasks.  Phonological Loop ­ : speech­based information about language sounds  ­Visuospatial Working Memory : visual and spatial information.  ­Central Executive:  integrates information and communicates with long­term memory  Long­Term Memory  ­ Permanent memory storage system  ­ Unlimited capacity for information  ­ Filed and coded so that we can retrieve it when needed (in theory)      ­ Systems of Long­Term Memory: ­Explicit Memory (conscious): conscious memory for specific facts and information       ­ Semantic: world knowledge (learned in school)      ­ Episodic: biographical life experiences (episodes in your life)  ­Implicit Memory (non­conscious): Memory affected by proc experience without a conscious  recollection of that experience       ­ Procedural: memory for skills (driving a car)       ­ Priming: activation of stored information (suggestions)     ­ Classical Conditioning: making an association between two things   Example: Tori remembers how to drive a car with a manual transmission, but when asked how  she does it, she just says, "I don't know—it's automatic." This is an example of her _______.  Answer: implicit memory  Neuroscience of Memory  ­ Certain brain areas specialize in different memory related activities      ­ Hippocampus: consolidation of memories, initial encoding of memories      ­ Amygdala: emotional component


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