Notes Introduction to International Rights
Notes Introduction to International Rights POL2089
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by gricksecker on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL2089 at University of Cincinnati taught by Dr. Rebecca Sanders in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see International Human Rights in Political Science at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
1/14/16 Introduction What are Human Rights? Migration as a human right applies to dangers to life and/or ideological persecution. Asylum does not apply when speaking of poverty. Questions occur when you have to consider who’s responsibility it is to provide people with the rights it is believed they should have o Universal: belong to all people by virtue of being human o Non-divisible: one right cannot trump another o Natural and self evident: derived from reason Ambiguities can arise when we try to specify what is meant by rights Where do human rights come from? Nature: Rights are inherited and do not depend on social context Deliberation: Rights are accepted through social consensus and laws Protest: Rights come from those who are oppressed, used to fight injustice Discourse: Rights are constructed through language, have no independent reality Natural vs. Socially Constructed -Are rights given by reason, God or some other higher force or solely through deliberation and language? - There are many elements that go into it, and when a society is broken down rights are most likely lost which implies that it is social. Universalism vs. Relativism Single standard for everyone or a diversity of understanding and interpretation o Cultural variation and political construction come into play NaturalUniversal Socially ConstructedRelativism Negative vs. Positive Negative: freedom from the state o Enlightenment reaction to political despotism o First generation rights o Political liberties and freedom Positive: capacity to flourish o Egalitarian/socialist reactions to poverty and inequality o Second generation rights o Economic, social, and cultural rights “Perfect world Thinking” Individual vs. Group Rights Does the individual or collective rights take precedent in decision making o Reaction to colonialism and discrimination o Third generation rights o Autonomy o Self-determination o State Sovereignty Emancipation vs. Domination Rights project is liberating – challenges injustice Rights project is domineering – veils political and economic power Paradox of Human Rights 1. Human rights seem most compelling when they are absent and in the face of violation 2. If they are so frequently violated, how to we know they exist? a. Do we find them in the law, social practice?