New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Hertis Mcclanahan
Hertis Mcclanahan
GPA 2.1
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Prevention: Crime & Delnqncy

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Prevention: Crime & Delnqncy notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

The Media and Crime
Prevention: Crime & Delnqncy
Cindy L. Hart
Class Notes




Popular in Prevention: Crime & Delnqncy

Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hertis Mcclanahan on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CCJ 415 - 001 at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Cindy L. Hart in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see Prevention: Crime & Delnqncy in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.

Similar to CCJ 415 - 001 at SIU

Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Reviews for Chapter7.pdf


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/06/16
Chapter 7: The Mass Media and Crime Prevention  The Media and Crime o The Level of Reported Crime  Crime stories comprise between roughly 5 percent and 30 percent of newspaper space  Crime represents 10 percent of news stories and 13 to 18 percent of the broadcast time  20 to 40 percent of prime-time program focus on law enforcement and the criminal justice system o Media Accounts and Actual Crime  Correspondence between the media portrayal of crime and the actual extent and types of criminal activity shows a great deal of divergence. o Media distorts the crime picture  Focuses on selected types of crime  Overemphasizes the level of crime  Fails to provide accurate or complete information about criminal incidents o Does the Media Cause Crime and Fear?  Qualified support for a connection between media presentations and viewer behavior  Most studies find weak to moderate relationships between actual behavior and television accounts  Excessive exposure to media violence can influence some viewers to be more aggressive o Media presentations may increase people’s fear  Stories that place the offense in framework familiar to the reader have a greater impact than those more removed from the reader’s experiences  Television and radio news is related to fear, while written news has less relationship with fear levels  Mass Media Crime Prevention Activities  The Mcgruff prevention campaign o Crime prevention coalition of America and the advertising council o “Taking a bite out of crime” program o Four basic objectives  Alter the public’s feelings about crime and the criminal justice system  Generate feelings of citizen responsibility for crime and crime prevention  Enhance citizen cooperation with the criminal justice system  Enhance existing crime prevention efforts o Public service announcements  Feature a cartoon character known as “McGruff” (a dog in a trench coat)  Presents simulated crimes and notes the proper actions viewers should take o Different themes or issues have appeared in the television, radio, and print announcements o Emphasis throughout the campaign is on individual and community ability to take action o First Evaluation o Survey of 1,200 adults from across the country  50 percent of the respondents saw the campaign announcements  Only 3 percent of this figure were able to recall the advertisements without some prompting  90 percent of the respondents were able to describe specific suggestions made, and 22 percent learned something new  More than 50 percent felt more responsible for crime prevention because of the advertisements, and 25 percent reported taking precautious o Panel survey  Wide exposure to the campaign materials  Level of interest in the materials was higher for those already concerned with crime and crime prevention  Exposure to the advertisements had no impact on perceptions of neighborhood crime, perceived changes in the crime rate, or a sense of safety at night  Exposure resulted in positive changes in crime prevention activities o Second evaluation  Interviewing a national sample of adults, including law enforcement and media representatives  80% citizens reported seeing the announcements  Media and law enforcement respondents noted that the materials were valuable o Need to find ways to reach vulnerable groups in society  Other Campaigns o “Buzzed Driving is Drunk Driving” public service announcement campaign  Minimal impact based on self-report data o National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign  More than 75% of teens are aware of the campaign  Teens who are aware report significantly stronger anti-drug beliefs than those unware of the program o Inconsistent and weak results in some program evaluations suggest that the program may need to be better targeted.  Crime Newsletters o Can be targeted to a more limited audience and tailored to the needs of those individuals o May provide detailed, in- depth discussions of both crime and potential crime prevention measures o More effective campaign relies on hand distribution of the newsletter o Education level influences the actual level of readership and the amount of impact o Need to tailor to the community  Information Lines o Solicitation of information about specific crimes from the public o Most widely known program is Crime Stoppers  Offers rewards to citizens for information about crimes  Unsolved offenses  Guaranteed anonymity for the information  1,193 programs around the world found in 24 countries o Police departments now post crime videos and information on unsolved crimes on the organization web-sites, YouTube, Facebook, and others asking for viewers to provide information  Agencies can publicize events very quickly  Many more videos and events can be posted compared to broadcast media  Can reach entirely new audiences o No indication that programs like Crime Stoppers have reduced crime or the fear of crime  Crime- Time Television o Focus on previously unsolved crimes in prime time o “ Americas most wanted”, “ Unsolved mysteries”, and “ Top cops” in the United States and “ Crimewatch U.K.” in the United Kingdom  Re-enact serious crimes for which no offender has been apprehended  Viewers prompted to call a toll- free telephone number to report any information they may have  Claim to have resulted in many arrests  Can potentially bias court cases and lead to appeals based on excessive pretrial publicity and the inability to seat an unbiased jury  Viewers may generalize from the response being promoted in the program ( such as simply calling for help) to other possible responses not featured in the program- known as response generalization  Publicity and Prevention o Smaller scale and targeted publicity about prevention programs and initiatives can have an impact on the success of crime prevention efforts o Publicity may reduce crime in and of itself  Anticipatory benefit- changes in crime that predate the actual implementation of a crime prevention program  A form of diffusion of benefits  Several studies reveal evidence of anticipatory benefits stemming from publicity  The Media’s Responsibility for Crime Prevention o Lavrakas (1997)  The media must assume some of the blame for the continued failure of policies to deal with crime  Media fails to critically assess claims regarding the efficacy of crime control policies  Media should be critically questioning positions and challenging politicians to provide proof for their arguments  Media rarely deals with the substantive merit of the various measurers being debated


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.