UN Structure POL2089
Popular in International Human Rights
Popular in Political Science
verified elite notetaker
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by gricksecker on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL2089 at University of Cincinnati taught by Dr. Rebecca Sanders in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see International Human Rights in Political Science at University of Cincinnati.
Reviews for UN Structure
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/06/16
Human Rights Day 4 1. International Human Law o Court of Justice: Disputes between states o Criminal Court: Tries people who have committed human rights violations 2. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) o Elaborates on concepts of rights and freedoms in UN Charter o Declaration, not a treaty or convention Led by Eleanor Roosevelt 3. International Covenants: o Binding treaties that are ratified by states – primary source of International law International Covenant on Civil and Political rights (1966/1976) International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (1966/1976) 4. Regional Human Rights Law o Council of Europe European Convention on Human Rights, 1950 o Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Helsinki Accords, 1975 o European Union (EU) Charter of Fundamental Rights, 2000 o Organization of American states (OAS) American Convention on Human Rights o African Union (AU) Asia and Arab world – no major regional human rights regimes 5. International Humanitarian Law o Law governing conduct in armed conflict Human rights law focuses on peacetime conventions 6. Customary International Law o Binding legal principles that aren’t written down or codified the same way that treaties are An additional source of international law along with treaties o State Practice, states have a legal obligation to act in the way that they wish 7. JUS COGENS: Certain norms do not require explicit state consent to be binding on ALL states at ALL times o Prohibition on slavery, genocide, torture 8. Signing vs. Ratification o States must consent to treaties to be bound by them States Sign Ratify them o Ratification imposes binding obligations on states In democratic states it is a very slow process o America and Human Rights Law Both a leader and an outlier Has not ratified many of the statues b/c 2/3 Senate approval Does compliance without ratification matter? 9. Interpretive Debates o Problems arise when states disagree over the interpretation of of legal commitments (e.g. torture) o Sources of clarification Travaux preparatories Signing statements Similar laws Court rulings Opinions of prominent publicists and experts 10. Approaches to Compliance o Normative Persuasion NGOs, civil society, diplomacy o Monitoring and reporting NGOs, IGOs, State department, “naming and shaming” o Public Protest and rebellion o Judicial Processes Human rights courts and tribunals o Coercive persuasion Bilateral and multilateral (UN) sanctions o Third party enforcements Un Security Council and NATO interventions o Criminal prosecution Domestic trials and truth commissions, as hoc tribunals, universal jurisdiction
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'