New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

UN Structure

by: gricksecker

UN Structure POL2089


Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

2/2 - 2/9
International Human Rights
Dr. Rebecca Sanders
Class Notes
UN, Human Rights
25 ?




Popular in International Human Rights

Popular in Political Science

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by gricksecker on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL2089 at University of Cincinnati taught by Dr. Rebecca Sanders in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see International Human Rights in Political Science at University of Cincinnati.

Similar to POL2089 at UC

Popular in Political Science


Reviews for UN Structure


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/06/16
Human Rights Day 4 1. International Human Law o Court of Justice: Disputes between states o Criminal Court: Tries people who have committed human rights violations 2. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) o Elaborates on concepts of rights and freedoms in UN Charter o Declaration, not a treaty or convention  Led by Eleanor Roosevelt 3. International Covenants: o Binding treaties that are ratified by states – primary source of International law  International Covenant on Civil and Political rights (1966/1976)  International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (1966/1976) 4. Regional Human Rights Law o Council of Europe  European Convention on Human Rights, 1950 o Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)  Helsinki Accords, 1975 o European Union (EU)  Charter of Fundamental Rights, 2000 o Organization of American states (OAS)  American Convention on Human Rights o African Union (AU)  Asia and Arab world – no major regional human rights regimes 5. International Humanitarian Law o Law governing conduct in armed conflict  Human rights law focuses on peacetime conventions 6. Customary International Law o Binding legal principles that aren’t written down or codified the same way that treaties are  An additional source of international law along with treaties o State Practice, states have a legal obligation to act in the way that they wish 7. JUS COGENS: Certain norms do not require explicit state consent to be binding on ALL states at ALL times o Prohibition on slavery, genocide, torture 8. Signing vs. Ratification o States must consent to treaties to be bound by them  States Sign  Ratify them o Ratification imposes binding obligations on states  In democratic states it is a very slow process o America and Human Rights Law  Both a leader and an outlier  Has not ratified many of the statues b/c 2/3 Senate approval  Does compliance without ratification matter? 9. Interpretive Debates o Problems arise when states disagree over the interpretation of of legal commitments (e.g. torture) o Sources of clarification  Travaux preparatories  Signing statements  Similar laws  Court rulings  Opinions of prominent publicists and experts 10. Approaches to Compliance o Normative Persuasion  NGOs, civil society, diplomacy o Monitoring and reporting  NGOs, IGOs, State department, “naming and shaming” o Public Protest and rebellion o Judicial Processes  Human rights courts and tribunals o Coercive persuasion  Bilateral and multilateral (UN) sanctions o Third party enforcements  Un Security Council and NATO interventions o Criminal prosecution  Domestic trials and truth commissions, as hoc tribunals, universal jurisdiction


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.