Rights of Minorities and Women
Rights of Minorities and Women POL2089
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by gricksecker on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL2089 at University of Cincinnati taught by Dr. Rebecca Sanders in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see International Human Rights in Political Science at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
2/11/16 Int’l Human Rights Day 8 1. Secession a. Separatist/autonomy claims i. E.g. Kurds, Chechens, Basques, Tamils b. What is meant by “peoples” c. Does the right to self determination always imply rights to unilateral succession? i. International law says no – only applicable to situations of colonialism and foreign occupation ii. States must ensure internal self-determination and allow for self- governance for all 2. Indigenous People a. 370 million people divided into 5000 groups across 70 countries b. Decedents of inhabitants of geographical region when new peoples arrived and became dominant through conquest, occupation, or settlement c. UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues emphasizes self- identification rather than formal definition i. Individual identification by community ii. Pre-colonial/settler society iii. Strong link to territory iv. Distinct social, economic, political systems v. Distinct culture and language vi. Resolve to reproduce ancestral environment vii. Non-dominant status 3. Emerging rights bearers? a. Are corporations entities with human rights b. Recent American jurisprudence says yes c. What does/doesn’t differentiate corporations from other groups 2/25/16 Women’s Rights How to gain ground? o Laws are not enough, need to make women visible o Ideological leadership Feminist intellectuals o Social movements and ordinary activists The USA has a complex role to play o Mixed record in promoting women’s rights Signed CEDAW but didn’t ratify US ranks poorly on several domestic indicators relative to peers Maternal Health Paid maternity leave Unequal income Religion and Culture o Frequently used to justify oppression in women’s rights Forced marriage, justify violence, hypocritical/discriminatory laws o Western feminists, however, overemphasize culture and ignore structural problems Poverty vs. culture o Contentious use of women’s rights frames in war and occupation LGBTQ rights o Related to women’s rights as far as social structures and discrimination 79 nations still deem consensual same-sex relations illegal Lack of direct addressing in international rights Often a gap between de jure(legal) and de facto(actual) protection o 2011 UN Human Rights Council expressed “grave concern” over sexual discrimination Face danger all around the world: Neo-Nazis, religious fundamentalists o
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