Slavery and Exploitation
Slavery and Exploitation POL2089
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by gricksecker on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL2089 at University of Cincinnati taught by Dr. Rebecca Sanders in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see International Human Rights in Political Science at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
3316 Slavery and Exploitation Human Traf cking 1 UN estimates 25 million people worldwide from 127 countries 2 Sexual exploitation forced marriage domestic servitude child slavery a 43 are victims of forced sexual exploitation 32 forced economic exploitation i Victims are known to be lured with legitimate work promises b PostSoviet countries are having the most problems 3 International Law a Protocol to Prevent Suppress and Punish Traf cking in Persons Especially Women and Children 2000 4 US Law a Trafficking Victims Protection Act 5 UN Trafficking Protocol a Neglects slaves who are not trafficked trafficked persons are a minority of victims of forced labor b Risks con ating trafficking with smuggling i Intensi cation of border controls to protect develop countnes ii Further criminalization of refugees and migrants c Outcome suggests risks of working within transnational human rights as opposed to criminal force 6 Abolitionist Efforts a Many NGOs and social movements focus on slavery i Abolition is likely to be a gradual and complex problem 7 Exploited Wage Labor a 3 Billion people make less than 250day b 150 million children aged 514 work full time c Neoliberal globalization and quotrace to the bottomquot i Mobile capital seeks out cheapest labor least regulated markets most exploitable workers ii Do impoverished children working really have a 39choice 8 Sex Work a Prostitution escort services stripping pornography b 4042 million prostitutes worldwide 80 of them women and girls c Everyone agrees that forced sex word and child abuse d Standard Feminist Position i Sex objecti es woman s bodies ii lmplicated in systematic extreme violence against women iii Result of limited choices available to desperate people in structural context of gender inequality e Alternative position Sex work is chosen freely There is nothing inherently wrong with sex work criminalization of sex work puts women in increasingly dangerous position
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