Week 2: Distribution and Infrences
Week 2: Distribution and Infrences Phil 110
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Heather Adams on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 110 at Colorado State University taught by Mr. Edward Lenzo in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Logical and Critical Thinking in PHIL-Philosophy at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
9815 Standard order P1 and P2 C Standard form QuantifierSubjectCopulaPredicate Term Some means at least one P Crescent 8 Crescent SP Crescent Distribution A proposition distributes a term if that proposition says something about every member of the class denoted by that term Ex All lawyers are liars subject distributed lawyers Example Quantity Quality Distribution A All 8 is P Universal Affirmative S E No S is P Universal Negative 8 amp P 0 Some 8 are P Particular Affirmative P Some 8 are not P Particular Negative Neither Must use nouns and noun phrases and cannot use a subset term in term Singular term or proper noun distributed 91015 Oiler circles place all elements of an argument into groupings to help determine validity Immediate inferences We ha premises and conclusion and their relation is the inference Immediate means no mediating inference drawn from a proposition Converse Swich SP Ex of A All dogs are mammals gt All Mammals are dogs T 0 O F Not equivalent if diagrams are not the same lllicit inference If the premise is true the conclusion needn39t be true Ex of E No students are pineapples gt No pineapples are students Valid inference Same diagram Ex of I Some students are pineapples gt Some pineapples are students 6 Ex of 0 Some students are not pineapples gt Some pineapples are not O When comparing inferences keep the labeling the same to determine the differences
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