Music 15 Final Study Guide
Music 15 Final Study Guide
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This 6 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Shanthi Guruswamy on Monday July 14, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 95 views.
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Date Created: 07/14/14
Section 1 10 11 12 13 14 Schubert a Der Erlkonig The Elf King Chopin a Military Polonaise i Polish nationalism ii Character piece Liszt a La Campanella i Character piece symphonic poem ii Etude iii Form theme and variations Wagner a The Valkyries i Ride of the Valkyries Smetana a The Barterea Bride i Beer Chorus Dvorak a Rusalka i Song to the Moon b Cello Concerto movement 1 Tchaikovsky a Sleeping Beauty i Waltz from Sleeping Beauty Debussy a Prelude to The Afternoon of a Faun Stravinsky a The Rite of Spring i Modemism primitivism exoticism Schoenberg a Pierrot Lunaire i Der Mond eck b Klangfarbenmelodie c Sprechstimme Cage a Sonatas and Interludes i Sonata V Copland a Excerpts from Appalachian Spring Bemstein a West Side Story i Mambo ii Tonight Quintet Williams a Indiana Jones i Raiders March Vocabulary Composers Franz Schubert o Bom in Vienna 0 Among the earliest romantic era composers o Wrote symphonies and chamber music 0 Best known for lieder wrote 600 songs focused on death 0 Died from syphilis Robert Schumann o Bom in Germany 0 Important both as a composer and musical scholar critic o Wrote symphonies short piano works lieder o Potentially developed debilitating mental disorder due to syphilis Frederic Chopin 0 Polish and French nationalistic author 0 Wrote domestic salon music 0 Always sickly died from tuberculosis at 39 0 Works are almost exclusively piano Franz Liszt 0 Hungarian Piano virtuoso thought to be the best pianist of all time Memorized piano music positioning of piano on stage Lisztsomania 12inch hand span made it hard for others to play his works 0 Best known for piano works and symphonic poems Johannes Brahms 0 German Close friends with the Schumann supposedly only the wife Perfectionist destroyed earliest pieces Felt like an heir to Beethoven felt the weight of the German symphonic legacy Composed in most genres except operas symphonic chordal music piano chamber Bedrich Smetana 0 Czech nationalist composer o Wrote symphonic poems and operas Antonin Dvorak 0 Czech composer and violist o Wrote symphonies cello concertos symphonic poems and 11 operas that are not famous o Brahms hooked him up to becoming intemationally famous nationalistic composer Brahms was a homie Richard Wagner 0 O O O OOOO o Leipzig Germany 0 Created own style of operas called music dramas didn t call them operas I Continuous music endless melody no aria or recitative distinction I Gesamtkunstwerk I Leitmotifs I Bayreuth Festival Theater 0 Wagner s writings controversial on future of music Dramatic music superior to symphony music 0 Thought he was the true predecessor to Beethoven thought he was the future of music 0 Anti Semitic a common belief in the times led to association with Hitler Peter Ilych Tchaikovsky 0 Russian Late romantic End of the century pessimism people were over romanticism Repressed homosexual Carried on romantic era traditions and was successful 0 Wrote many ballets Swan Lake Sleeping Beauty The Nutcracker Claude Debussy 0 French Entered Paris Conservatory at age 11 Impressionism in painting and symbolism in poem in uenced him Encountered exotic musical scales at Paris s World Fair in 1889 Modemism Igor Stravinsky 0 Russian 0 Lived in France and America LA 0 Used Russian folk songs to evoke a primitive feel along with pagan sacri ce rituals of ancient Russia Amold Schoenberg o Bom in Vienna Austrian O O O O O O O O O 0 Early music was in a Post Wagnerian romantic style 0 Invented l2 tone method of composition serialism o Klangfarbenmelodie o Sprechstimme o Went to America to avoid Nazis 0 1940s taught at USC and UCLA John Cage o Bom in LA 0 Pushed boundaries of music 0 Interest in nonwestem philosophy Aaron Copland o Bom in New York 0 Studied in Paris 0 Music often described as being distinctively American Leonard Bemstein Bom in Massachusetts Very wellknown conductor New York Philharmonic Music is often a blend of popular and classical styles 0 Best known for stage works John Williams o One of today s leading lm composers o Wrote music for I Jaws 1975 I Star Wars Films 19771983 19992005 I Indiana Jones 19811989 2008 I ET 1982 I Jurassic Park 1993 I Harry Potter 20012011 o Uses Wagner s leitmotif technique to create unity OOOO Noncomposers Isms Marius Petipa the ballet choreographer of the Sleeping Beauty Waltz by Tchaikovsky Stephane Mallarrne39 wrote the poem which inspired Debussy s Prelude to The Afternoon of a Fawn Vaslav Nijinsky ballet choreographer of Stravinsky s The Rite of Spring from Ballet Russe Serge Diaghilev founder of the Ballet Russe Martha Graham choreographer for Aaron Copland s The Appalachian Springs 0 Nationalism representing one s own nation through art borrowing folklore from one s nation and raising it to the level of art The belief that people who share a common language history and culture should constitute an independent nation free of foreign domination I Chopin I Dvorak I Smetana o Modemism an umbrella term used to describe any smaller artistic movements in the 20th century It was a break away from the past I Stravinsky The Right of Spring I Debussy I Schoenberg I Cage I Copland o Impressionism inspired Debussy I Debussy Prelude to The Afternoon of a Fawn o Symbolism when a musical piece stands for an idea I Debussy o Primitivism conscious break from modem musical trends I Stravinsky The Right of Spring o Expressionism Artistic trend to portray dark side of the unconscious Musical expressionism jarring chaotic wide leaps extremely high amp low notes extremely dissonant I Schoenberg Pierrot Lunaire Der Mona eck Other vocabulary Lied song romantic genre short work for vocalist and solo piano Intimate personal expression combined music and poetry descriptive imagery and folk style Performed by middleclass amateurs Salon recurring social gathering usually in a private home for the purpose of performing and discussing artistic works and intellectual topics Strophic section of music repeats with different words each time Often used with poetry on one subject that expresses a personal feeling or viewpoint Through composed no large scale repetition the entire song is one large unit often used with poetry that has narrative and dialogue Song cycle a set of songs written by a composer as a set Typically connected by a common musicalthematic element Intended to be performed together as the large work Rubato stealing time a musical term referring to expressive and rhythmic freedom by a slight speeding up and then slowing down of the tempo of a piece at the discretion of the soloist or the conductor Character piece a short onemovement piece for a solo piano Performed in private or public Often in three part form A B A Evokes a certain mood or image Includes polonaise intermezzo and etude Symphonic poem a piece of orchestral music usually in a single movement that illustratesevokes the content of a nonmusical poem short story novel painting etc Bayreuth the location of a theater designed by Wagner specifically for the need of his works with a hidden orchestral pit 0 High tech modem design for the 19th century Gesamtkunstwerk complete artwork Term coined by Wagner Leitmotif Wagner s term for a melody representing a person object place idea emotion etc Ring of the Nibelung a set of 4 operas by Wagner that all follow one theme 17 hours long The Valkyrie is the 3rd opera in it Ballet Russes Founded in Paris by Serge Diaghilev the ballet s impresario producer Russian and French musical in uences Employed many great dancers and choreographers of the day Many modemist productions Impresario Italian word for producer specifically for ballet Atonal Music that is not tonal even anti tonal There is no tonic home pitch no major or minor and the pitches are not related to each other or to a tonic This results in pitches which sound as though randomly chosen Klangfarbenmelodie tone color melody 20th century technique through which the individual notes of a melody are distributed among different instruments Sprechstimme spoken voice A vocal style in which a melody is spoken in approximate pitches to a speci ed rhythm Invented by Schoenberg Prepared Piano A piano temporarily modified by inserting specific items bolts screws pieces of wood or rubber etc into the strings in order to modify their timbre Short Answer 1 Discuss the rise of musical nationalism in the 19th century How did composers write music that was seen as embodying a nation What role did opera play in nationalism Include references to at least two works and composers from the syllabus Chopin Dvorak and Smetana were three famous nationalistic composers Chopin was a Polish nationalist and wrote the Military Polonaise and Dvorak and Smetana were Czech nationalists Smetana s opera The Bartered Bride specifically the Beer chorus is another example of a nationalistic composition apparently the Czechs loved their beer Nationalistic music takes a theme from a nation s culture heritage geography folklore etc and this theme inspires the composition Dvorak s opera Rusalka was based on a Czech folktale about a water nymph who fell in love with a man similar to The Little Mermaid We talked about modemism as an umbrella term for many smaller musical styles that coexisted during the early twentieth century Discuss two of these styles or isms encompassed by early 20th century European musical modemism and their intersection with culture and the other arts Cite one composer and musical example per style you discuss Debussy for impressionism with his Prelude to the Aftemoon of a Faun lmpressionistic inspired Expressionism represented by Schoenberg with his piece Pierrot Lunaire which encompasses the ideas of the darker side of human consciousness Stravinsky s Rite of Spring to show primitivism Pagan sacri ce etc Discuss the role of the amateur musician in the Romantic period What types of music did they engage in in what settings and for what purposes Be sure to give at least one example of a piece and composer Middle class music making Middle class rose in population made more money and had more leisure time Music making became a more popular hobby because instruments were more affordable Also due to the increase in printing more written music was available They engaged in salon music to pass time serve as after dinner entertainment A salon was a regular social gathering typically in a private home for the purpose of performing and discussing artistic works as well as other intellectual works They performed lieds character pieces and songs Example Schubert s Der Erlkonig
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