Week 1 Lecture Notes - Lifespan development
Week 1 Lecture Notes - Lifespan development PSY 09218
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jasmine Haynes on Saturday September 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 09218 at Rowan University taught by Robert B. Haynes in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 101 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Development in Psychlogy at Rowan University.
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Date Created: 09/12/15
Lifespan Development Week 1 Lifespan Development Introduction Biological processes produce changes in an individual s physical nature brain development puberty genetics motor skills and cardiovascular decline Cognitive processes changes in thinking intelligence and language Language in production and motor comprehension 0 Memory 0 Learning 0 Perception O Socioemotional process 0 Relationships 0 Emotions 0 Personality Periods of development Prenatal period 0 Conception to birth 0 From a single cell to a complete organism 0 Brain and behavioral capabilities 0 Last approximately 9 months Infancy 0 Birth to 1824 months 0 Complete dependence on adults 0 Language symbolic thoughts sensorimotor coordination 0 Social learning Early childhood 0 End of infancy to age 56 0 Preschool years 0 Development of school readiness 0 First grade marks the end of early childhood Middle and late childhood 0 611 years 0 Elementary school 0 Reading writing math 0 Achievement and selfcontrol Adolescence 0 Approximately 12 18 to 20 years 0 Identity begins to develop O Puberty set characteristics 0 Abstract thinking 0 Emerging adulthood 0 End of adolescence through the 30s 0 Independence 0 Career 0 Choosing a mate 0 Possible children Family 0 Middle Adulthood 0 Ages 4060 0 Personal and social responsibility 0 Preparing the next generation 0 Career satisfaction 0 Late Adulthood 0 60s to death 0 Retirement 0 Life review 0 Decreasing health and strength Developmental Issues Controversy 1 Continuity vs Discontinuity 0 Continuity Lifespan changes happen slow and gradually stable 0 Discontinuity Lifespan changes occur With abrupt shifts unstable Controversy 2 Nature vs Nurture 0 Nature Development is most affected by our genetic inheritance 0 Nurture Development is most affected by our outside in uences Goals of research 0 Measure and describe 0 Set standard norms 0 Understand and predict 0 Try to understand Why people do What they do and predict future action 0 Make a hypothesis 0 Control and apply 0 Apply What you have learned to everyday problems Theories Develop a theory and test it 0 A theory is a system of interrelated idea used to explain a set of observations 0 Helps us go from describing behavior to understanding behavior 0 They MUST be testable Observation 0 Naturalistic observation careful observation of behavior without intervening directly with the subjects 0 Behavior unfolds naturally without interference Data Gathering 0 Case studies an indepth investigation of an individual subject 0 Consider psychological autopsies in cases of suicides Surveys 0 Uses questionnaires or interviews to gather about a specific topic 0 Depend on self report data 0 For ex How many cheat on spouse How many will admit it Extra Credit assignment turn in at anytime Walk through campus smiling and asking people how they are doing today Record your ndings and observations Did it make you feel weird Why or why not
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