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Musc205, Soul and Psychadelic Rock

by: Shira Clements

Musc205, Soul and Psychadelic Rock MUSC205

Marketplace > University of Maryland > Music > MUSC205 > Musc205 Soul and Psychadelic Rock
Shira Clements

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Lectures on Soul and Psychadelic Rock
History of Popular Music, 1950-Present
Richard King
Class Notes
Music, Musc205
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shira Clements on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUSC205 at University of Maryland taught by Richard King in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see History of Popular Music, 1950-Present in Music at University of Maryland.

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Date Created: 03/06/16
2-29-2016 Soul Music What is Soul? - Sixties Motown - Emotion, heart, dancing - Southern - Black musicians- coined the phrase, authenticity - Addressed social issues, kind of like folk music, but this was black musicians talking about civil rights issues, not white - Difficult to define Ray Charles- - Most soul singers begin in churches o Influences so many different artists and music - Gospel-based R&B - Brings vocal technique and passion of gospel to R&B - Song writer, arranger, pianists, singer - Could do any style, a sort of music chameleon - Gets name from Soul though - Gospel influence: “It Must Be Jesus” leads to “I’ve Got a Woman” (1954) o Gospel to pop/R&B  Just changes a few words to make it this  With just a a couple of tweaks- it becomes R&B, this is called Soul o “Georgia on My Mind”  Tin Pan Alley stye, but not makes it Soul  Now the official state song of Georgia Sam Cooke (1931-1964) - Son of a preacher - Began as a gopel singer - “Were You There” - Dies at the peak of his career - “A Change is Gonna Come” o a personal Civil rights anthem o Inspired by “Blowin’ in the Wind” o Works from problems to hope o Draws from many inspirations o Takes imagery of a river from “Old Man River” (orchestrated piece for a musical) o In the song- every attempt at hell is taken back  Help me from my knees/oppression, but gets knocked back down (personal)  Brutality of life but also a sense of hope- “Its been a long time coming but I know a change is gonna come” Otis Redding (!941-67) - Recorded for Stax records in Memphis - Song of a Baptist minister- sung in father’s church - A grittier sound than Motown o At Stax- not everything is about prestine- they would record in one take sometimes, which is unusual for Motown o Less polished and more authentic/Black than Motown o Soul is a model of integration- Stax had both black and white musicians  Would work together - “Sitting On The Dock of the Bay” o cam out after he died, even though he recorded 4 albums beforehand - Otis Redding wins the best male singer right before he dies- starting to become famous right beforehand - “I’ve Been Loving You” o white audience o Monterery Pop Festival o Preaches and involves the audience and band Aretha Frankling - Otis has a huge influence over her - Daughter of a preacher- sang in churches - Signed in Columbia records in 1960 saying that she is the best voice she has ever heard but cant figure out what to do with her- nothing is really focused and giving her so many different styles - Atlantic Records picks her up after the contract in Columbia expired o Brought her to Muscle Shoals in Alabama ton one of greatest studios o Magical story and recording sessions there o Incredible powerful voice, but reserved demeanor - “I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Loved You)” o simplicity of Muscle Shoals sound o takes a while for producer to make it- no one can agree o the guy who plays the organ organizes it  he just played the very beginning of the song and then everything else just fell into place o Aretha’s first big hit Marvin Gaye - With Stevie Wonder, brings social music to Motown - Begins as a typical Motown artist - “Aint No Mountain High Enough” o soul duet- paired men and women to sing o Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell  She faints on him on stage and is diagnosed with a massive brain tumor, so he takes a break o Fit perfectly into the Motown mold - “What’s Going On? (1971) o concept album of social issues o “Mercy Mercy Me”- all about Ecology, but wasn’t going to o “What’s Going On”- talking about Vietnam War  sound that is not Motown but makes it Motown o “Let’s Get It On” (1973)  turns from social issues to sexual ones  4 greatest beginning notes Psychedelic Rock 3-2-2016 Counterculture: Causes- - Disillusionment and anti establishment- no trust in government - Student movement- o Late teens were experiencing hard things in their life and looking for me o Baby bloomers are now in college, they feel like numbers, not actually people  Feel like number in school and in draft - Assassinations- JFK, Martin Luther King Jr., Bobby Kennedy o Government cant even protect own president, so how can they protect us? - Vietnam War- nature of it was confusing, things that public didn’t understand, why were they fighting o So many troops were sent- 1963- 15000 men, but by 1968- 600,000 men were sent and were getting killed o Getting defeated by communists Living- - San Francisco usually- Height Ashbury neighborhood - Communal Living- College dropouts, groups of friends rent a house for cheap and live communally- spirit of counter culture  Anti establishment, against the norms and parents  Free love is possible- birth control - Summer of 1967- o LSD- lysergic Acid diethylamide  Invited by government in WWII to use as weapon, but in 1966 it became illegal, but was still used  Professor Leary from Harvard said- “turn on, tune in, drop out”  Have to be good and drop out of traditional norms, you can tune in to yourself- what the counter culture is all about  Affects sense of time, body awareness, and movement  Coping mechanism with people who are experiencing disillusionment Monterey Pop Festival 1967 - Weekend of music: electric and anti establishment - 30000 fans; the first huge rock festival - no seating, audience can move around and interact as a community - embodies the “summer of love” - everyone experiences it differently because they are all on different drugs o different music Jefferson Airplane - San Francisco scene - Grace Slick- one of the first female rock stars o Last one to join and made them bigger - Visual psychedelia o Light shows- stimulates the senses, exciting when under influence of drugs - “White Rabbit” o 1967 o as song goes on, you feel the music as it goes on, feel apart of the performance and sound waves o strange lyrics- images you might experience while under LSD, they created it and sang it under LSD Janis Joplin - lead singer in the Big Brother and the Holding Company - Blues influence and inspiration o Grew up with it and wants to imitate them - Raspy voice - Improvisation- take music where she wants to go o Feeling the music - Contentious image (for the 1960s) o Different than what mainstream America was used to - “Ball and Chain”- 1967 o emotion and connection o blues influence - too much under the influence and died in 1970 from LSD overdose o part of the 27 club Grateful Dead - lived communally in Height- Ashbury - Public LSD parties- invited people with them - Music full of of slow, long jams - Focus on unique live performances - Devoted fan base: Deadheads o Wanted people to record it for themselves  Built a fan base this way  No stealing any record income because the records were so difference from live performance - free forms- because the old ones are not conducive to the long jams and everything - “Dark Star” 1968 The Doors - the darjer side of the counterculture - Heroin, not LSD o Permanantly messes you up and can truly die from it o Part of 27 club - Drug reference, dark lyrics - Disillusionment with government and society - “Riders on a Storm” 1971 o no one is there to help you and people are just trying to get you o influence of heroin and disillusionment


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