prehistoric Archaeology Feb. 29-March 4
prehistoric Archaeology Feb. 29-March 4 22469
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adrienne Nave on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 22469 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Hollenback in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Prehistoric Archaeology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Archaeological Evidence of Domestication - Animals outside native range - Morphological changes o Changes in skull configuration o Reduction/changes in shape of teeth, horns, etc. - Size differences o Establishing Baseline Regression formulas: a change in - Stature changes with domestication - Sex profiles change with domestication o Less males in some cases - Shift in species frequencies o Shift in angulate frequencies of Natufian site between 8,000 and 10,000 years ago - Cultural evidence o Burials - Dogs ca. 16,000 years ago o Europe o Ein Mallaha, Israel 12kya oldest dog and human burial Elderly woman buried with puppy o Bonn-Oberkassal, Germany 14kya Believed to be the oldest domesticated dog - Goat ca. 10,500 years ago o Oldest domesticated animal after dog - Sheep ca. 9,000 years ago o Domesticated for wool Kemp Natural outside coast of mouflon and bezoar goat Wool Soft, fine haired undercoat Selective breeding to decrase presence of kemp White “fleece” develops over time - Cow ca. 8,000 years ago o Wild ancestor Auroch (now extict) Last one died in Poland in 1627 o Taurine cattle Europe, southwest Asia, North Africa Domesticated in Europe and North America - Pigs ca. 8000 years ago o Wild pigs: Europe and Asia - Cat ca. 6,000 years ago o Earliest cat found in Cyprus at a Neolothic site (6000-4500 BC) o Fully domesticated in Egypt by 4,000 BC o Domesticated for vermin control - Horse ca. 5,000 years ago o Only wild horse living today is the Equus preewalskii in Mongolia o Russian tarpan Was the Wild horse of the steppes in eastern Europe that was domesticated - Donkey ca. 5,000 years ago o Pack animal - Chicken ca. 4,000 years ago o China o Wild progenitor: Jungle fowl o Increased egg production - Camel ca. 5,000 years ago o Dromendary Camel Desert camel o Bacterian camel 2 humps central Asia - Old World domestication o Silk worm and honey bee o 3500-3000 BC o silk and honey as products - New World o Guinea Pig ca. 3,000 years ago in Peru Food Divination Medical purposes Sacrifice o Camelids Ca. 6,000 years ago Pleistocene camels that later went extict in Asia Llama and Alpaca Meat Wool Hide Dung Bones for Tools Beasts of Burden Bezoar stones o Turkey Mesoamerican turkey Transported to Europe in the 16 century Southwest turkey Thought to be extict Affected by drought and Spanish colonization
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