Psych1101ContinuedMod1.pdf Psyc 1101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alicia Notetaker on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 1101 at University of Connecticut taught by Jason Anastas in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
Psych 1101 Continued Mod 1 Hindsight Bias the tendency to believe after learning an outcome that we should have foreseen it Avoid scientific attitude curious skeptical healthy humble Bipolar scale scientist want to be in the middle Theory explains Hypothesis prediction Operational Definition define a variable Case Study Observe a single person Useful for unique and rare cases unique meaning you re not like everyone else Representative of population Survey Lots of peopleitte bit of information The two problems Wording effects Random sampling each individual must have equal chance of being included Naturalistic Observation Observe them in natural environment Later examined in detail Requires a great deal of time effort and money Correlation Relationship between 2 variables Ranges from 1 to 1 indicates strength of relationship the closer to 0 the weaker the relationship Scatterplot graph compromised of points that are generated by variables of 2 Positive Correlation goes up Negative Correlation goes down There is no relationship between the variables Correlation doesn t equal causation Don t know which one causes the other Third variable problem Direction of causality Illusory Correlation Perception of a relationship where no relationship actually exist Selection Bias Compliment Do not compliment Miss Confirming evidence Disconfirming evidence Field Disconfirming evidence Confirming evidence Given random data we look for order and pattern Experimental Methods Cause and effect 1 Manipulation of factors of interest Random Assignment 2 Holding constant controlling for other factors Blind and Double Blind procedures used to control for placebo effect Random Assignment used to minimize differences between groups Every participant has an equal chance in being in each group
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