Intro to Philosophy: Greek Foundations Notes Week Six
Intro to Philosophy: Greek Foundations Notes Week Six Philosophy 10200
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Gendron on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Philosophy 10200 at Ithaca College taught by Prof. Robert Klee in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy Greek Foundations in PHIL-Philosophy at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Intro To Philosophy Greek Foundations Notes Week Six The Atomists – Democritus (mostly) and Leucippus Democritus’s Fragment 46 is the most important and quoted fragment in Philosophy 5 -4 Century B.C.E. going into the Golden Age of Athens when Socrates and Plato were active Relativism o Nomos- Entirely human made o Physis- Structure, Objective nature, not human made Fragment 46: o By convention (nomos) sweet, by convention bitter, by convention hot, by convention cold, by convention color, but in reality are only atoms and void Every concept we have is what we decided as a group (ex. What it means to be cold, what it means to be hot, what is sweet and what is bitter) Democritus’ atoms weren’t what modern physics define as atoms- they are conceptually smallest o The smallest thing anything can be cut into, which goes against Zeno’s infinitely divisible paradox o He said atoms have no internal space – void o This is all done through definition not experiments o Atomos = Uncutable (in Greek) This brings into scientific picture for the first time a strong concept of structure 4 Bodily Humors- Blood, Phlegm, Yellow and Black Bile Democritean Atomism- Can account for change of attributes without violating Paramenidean principles o Change occurs when the same atoms are rearranged into a different microscopic structure than before o This explains how the same thing can lose a property or gain a new one Protagoras Sophists travelled town to town and could be hired as ‘life coaches’ to help get you what you want Sophos- Wise Very relativist attitudes toward truth and knowledge Plato hated them- they didn’t represent objective truths Plato- Arete (excellence of character) cannot be taught Protagoras- Arete can be taught o Of all things the measure is man Sophists- Nomos Democritus & Plato- Physis
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