New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

SOC 2010 Chapter 7 Notes

by: kyle.gosland

SOC 2010 Chapter 7 Notes Soc 2010

Marketplace > Clemson University > Sociology > Soc 2010 > SOC 2010 Chapter 7 Notes

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Chapter 7 Reading and Lecture Notes
Introduction to sociology
Mary Barr
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to sociology

Popular in Sociology

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by kyle.gosland on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 2010 at Clemson University taught by Mary Barr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Introduction to sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.


Reviews for SOC 2010 Chapter 7 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/06/16
Chapter 7: The Structure of Inequality  Social Stratification: members divided into groups with particular places in a social hierarchy  Characteristics of Social Stratification:  Hierarchy: social groups are ranked  Life opportunities depend on how someone’s social category is ranked; can depend on this as much as personal effort  Ranks of different social categories change very slowly over time  Social Class: people who occupy a similar economic position  Practiced mostly in societies that have capitalism  Most frequent concept referenced/talked about in sociology  Socioeconomic Status (SES) and Life Chances (p.200-203 in textbook)  Criminal Justice: jail time reduces opportunities  Family: number of children, age of marriage, age of having children  Work & Income: Job opportunities and income level affected by family’s status  Education: attitude and access to education  Health: overall health and access to healthcare, life expectancy  US Class Structure  Upper Class (1%): inherited wealth, own business, own stock shares  Upper Middle (14%): very educated professionals (doctors, surgeons, etc.)  Middle Class (30%): skilled technical workers, lower management, white collar  Working Class/Lower Middle (30%): manual labor, service industry, blue collar  Working Poor (20%): lower paid manual labor, lower literacy levels  Underclass (5%): seasonal work or unemployed  Social Mobility  US system is fluid, people can move within social hierarchy  More of a perception than a reality  Class ranking usually remains for generations  Caste System (India) has social status given to people for life  Intergenerational: changes happen from one generation to the next  Intergenerational: change within one generation  The American Dream  Explains US social system  Everyone has same chance to improve their lives  Success vs. failure only depends on the individual  Meritocracy: people rewarded for hard work and skills  “Rags to Riches”  Upward class mobility based more on social factors than merit  Social Reproduction:  Social Classes tend to remain relatively the same because status is passed down from one generation to the next  Relative Deprivation: relative poverty compared to standard of living of society  Absolute Deprivation: inability to meet minimum livable standards  Hypergamy: marrying up in the social hierarchy  Hypogamy: marrying down in the social hierarchy  Welfare started with FDR and the New Deal  Culture of Poverty: people in poor communities accept being poor instead of working to change it  Just-World Hypothesis: people view victims of social injustices as deserving of what happens  Disenfranchisement: poor people less likely to be involved in politics so their views aren’t represented very well in elections  Simplicity Movement: in opposition to consumerism and materialism  Income vs. Wealth  Income: salary/wages; amount earned during a period of time  Wealth: assets (property, savings, investment, stocks)  House is usually a family’s primary mean for gaining wealth  Wealth is important for getting better life opportunities, more purchases  Helps your children (especially education)  Pass it down to next generation  Backup fund in case of emergency (health, natural disaster, unemployment)  Ability to retire  Structural Functionalism  Inequality serves a purpose  Poorer people fill jobs that most others wouldn’t  Other jobs need more talent or training; high wages attract best individuals to skilled jobs  Weberian Theory  Class is a person’s economic situation based on income and wealth (inherited or earned)  Having power also contributes to class standing (ability to get your way)  Prestige also a factor (kind of respect people have for you or influence on others)  Socioeconomic Status (SES) is a combination of income, wealth, power, and prestige  Symbolic Interactionism  Small scale or miro-theory  Meaning we get from things in the world is a social construction, resulting from social interactions  Everyday interactions provide information about SES  Conflict Theory  Capitalists (Bourgeoisie) own means of production and workers (Proletariat) only own their personal labor  Social inequality exists where capitalists have a distinct advantage over workers  Wealth becomes very concentrated in the small elite population  Classes will stay divided and there will be more inequality  US Social Inequality  Wealth, power, prestige not distributed equally  Wealth very concentrated at the top  1% has 40% of wealth (tripled in the last 30 years)  bottom 80% has only 7% of the wealth  middle class is disappearing  47.8 million people living below livable income line in 2009  Why Wealth Gap is Growing  Capitalism is profit-driven  Economy changed starting in 1970s: from production to service  Outsourcing jobs or automation (machines replacing workers)  Less people in unions  Rich don’t pay fair share of taxes  Higher taxes on wages and salaries than on capital gains and dividends  Coping Mechanisms  More women in the workforce  People working multiple jobs  More borrowing money and debt  Stagnant wage growth makes it harder to save money  Inequality is Bad for Everyone  Less purchasing power  Lobbyists with money undermines the power of democracy  Less tax revenue  Less safety nets for unexpected problems that arise


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.