HIST 150 Week 7 Notes 2/29-3/4
HIST 150 Week 7 Notes 2/29-3/4 Hist 150-002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitney Kendall on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150-002 at Colorado State University taught by Tracy L Brady in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see U.S. History to 1876 in History at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
2/29/16 Movie 3/2/16 Governing a New Republic Articles of Confederation People were not super loyal to America yet Land ordinance passed by congress in 1785 Allowed the government to survey and look at land, assess it, and divide it evenly. Sort of a grid system used while we start to expand. Also said a certain amount of land had to be set aside for education o Thomas Jefferson thought it was very important. A good community/ man is one who is educated Northwest Ordinance 1787 o Sets up a system of government for the North West territories- the way we govern a territory until it becomes a state. o Next set up a governor, then once there is 5000 white males, they can begin to elect for a territorial government o Once a total population of 60,000 people you can apply for statehood Come together to make a state constitution then go to Federal Government for approval- Kansas was denied o Most states follow this process o NW prohibited slavery Not a practical document- prerequisite to the constitution 3/4/16 The New Constitution Shays’ Rebellion: 1786 Back country/ Frontier Areas Daniel Shays Farmers are being taxed, can’t pay them Courts are seizing land to satisfy farmer’s debts or putting them in jail Against Massachusetts government- protesting this MA attacks protesters Rebellions are all over country- maybe the revolution isn’t over All this is due to the flaws in the Articles of Confederation Leads to Constitutional Convention Constitutional Convention 17 George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, etc. were all there All attendees were wealthy powerful men Want to keep these debates or sessions secret- closed to public o Don’t want to worry people Virginia Plan or Large State Plan James Madison 2 house legislature Decide how many people states can send people to the legislature- do it by population Judges serve for life New Jersey Plan or Small State Plan William Patterson Unicameral- one house legislature’ Delegates were equal- everyone would send the same amount Alexander Hamilton proposed that the federal government has all the power o No one liked that Connecticut Plan- Eventually becomes the Constitution Bicameral legislature Congress- based on population Senate- equal representation between states Slavery Some states wanted to count slaves as part of the population, North did not like this o Would say they are property until it came to population matters Come up with the 3/5 Compromise o For every 5 slaves, three of them count as a person Also south decides there can be no legislature ending slave trade- lasts 20 years Article legitimizes the return of runaways to their masters Allowed slavery because they thought that it was more of a sin to let the new USA fall apart than to have slavery legal September of 1787 Finalize and sign the constitution Must have unanimous support for amendments After 9 of 13 states ratify, it becomes the law Ratification The Federalists- pro constitution o More urban people, wealthy merchants, business men, and plantations owners o Thought it would provide more stability and bring economic growth Antifederalists- against the constitution o People more concerned about local issues, thought federal government would become too powerful and oppressive o Mostly rural people like farmers Bill of Rights First 10 amendments of the Constitution Protections of individual liberties This helps convince some of the antifederalists George Washington says that if they ratify it, he will agree to be the first President Happens during the very first session of the new congress, all ratified by states in 172 Washington’s Presidency One of the issues- what are we going to call our president? Need the perfect name, can’t be like a monarch Washington thinks to call him Mr. President o Mark of respect without royalty He is unanimously chosen, vice president is John Adams Inaugurated April 30 , 1789 in Federal Hall in the temporary capitol in New York City o Wore simple clothing but not a common man- wealthy and reserved o Not much of a people person- lived elegantly o Delivered addresses to congress like people did to parliament Works hard to adhere to the constitution- only vetoes when he sees it as unconstitutional even if he doesn’t agree with it