Chapter 5 Sociol Groups and Formal Organizations
Chapter 5 Sociol Groups and Formal Organizations 1001-019
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Damian Otto on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1001-019 at University of Cincinnati Blue Ash College taught by Ainsley Lambert( Sociolology 1001-019, Intro to Sociology) in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at University of Cincinnati Blue Ash College.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Intro to Sociology 1001019 Professor Lambert Chapter 5 Social Groups and Formal Organizations Groups: people who think of themselves as belonging together and who interact with one another, are the essence of life in society. Aggregate: consists of people who temporarily share the same physical space but who do not see themselves as belonging together Category: a statistic; consists of people who share similar characteristics 1. Primary Group: intimate, face to face contact that help individuals form their identity. a. Created by Charles Cooley b. Called primary groups “the springs of life” i. Mirror Within 2. Secondary Group: larger, more anonymous, and more formal and impersonal. Based on shared interests, activities or members interact based on statuses. a. Secondary groups tend to break down into primary groups b. Example.) college classes, democratic party 3. Ingroups: groups toward which we feel loyalty 4. Outgroups: groups toward which we feel antagonism 5. Reference Groups: groups we refer when we evaluate ourselves a. Example.) family, teachers, coworkers Social Network: People who are linked to one another Voluntary Associations: group made up of volunteers who organize on the basis of mutual interest Clique: clusters within a group or internal factions Stanley Milgram o Small world phenomenon study o “6 degrees of Separation” Separate small worlds based on social class, gender, raceethnicity Group Dynamics: refers to how groups influence us and how we influence groups Size increases: o Stability increases while intensity and intimacy decrease Dyad: Smallest possible group Consists of two people Most intense and intimate Unstable Triad: Group of three people Interaction changes, interaction between first to people decreases Can create strain Coalitions: occurs when two people in a triad align themselves against one The larger the group, the greater diffusion of responsibility Leader: people who influence the behaviors, opinions, and attitudes of others Types of Leaders Instrumental (taskoriented) o Tries to keep the group moving towards its goals Expressive (socioemotional) o Does things that boost the groups morale Leadership Styles: ways of expressing yourself as a leader Authoritarian: one who gives orders Democratic: one tries to gain consensus Laissezfaire: one who is highly permissive Power of Peer Pressure Asch experiment o 1952 study of conformity Power of Authority Milgram experiment 1960s o Administering shocks, turning up voltage over time Group Think A narrowing of thought of a group that leads to a perception that there is only one “right” view point and one “right” course action o To suggest an alternative would be seen as confrontational and disloyal
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