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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Looney on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 251 at Western Illinois University taught by Mr. Eugene Mathes in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Personality and Development in Psychlogy at Western Illinois University.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Psychology 251 Personality and Development Freud Id – Focused primarily on survival. [Gene Survival genes will carry on if you reproduce.] Food, sleep, oxygen, and sex are all important. However, sex can and may get you in trouble. o Sex may get you killed: The male and female praying mantis. The female praying mantis kills the male and inserts her eggs inside him so her babies will have something to eat when they are born. Other factors that could kill you regarding sex include STDs, AIDS, years ago childbirth caused several deaths for the mother, and jealousy could possibly lead to death as well. o Before birth control, prerequisite sex was thought to be a threat to the family. Caused unwanted children. Children often felt neglected and would die or become criminals. Ego – Problem Solver. Works in terms of reality principle reality has consequences. Selfcontrol is important. Delay of Gratification: Children are given the option to either have a pretzel or wait five minutes to have a marshmallow. The idea of selfcontrol comes into play here when the children are faced with a conflict: to either eat the pretzel or have enough selfcontrol to wait for the marshmallow. Superego – Moral internalized rules of society. Acquires conscience and guilt. Against sex and aggression. ID and Superego do not get along. ID is in conflict with outside world (law and police). Psychological Conflict Normal ID vs Superego = Negative affect. Freud says “Happiness is not possible.” The most one gets out of life is to be morally miserable. Neurotic Defense Mechanisms (makes conflicts unconscious). o Suppression – take negative thoughts and put it out of awareness. o Repression – Not allowing negative thoughts to enter mind. o Denial – Not allowing negative outside information inside mind. It never reaches your conscious. o Rationalization – Making excuses and blaming others for the situation. o Projection – Putting undesirable traits on other people. Ex. If someone calls you an alcoholic you may respond with saying, “I’m not an alcoholic, he is!” o Reaction Formation – Take socially undesirable impulse and transform it to a positive impulse. o Intellectualization – Dealing with a problem on an intellectual level only, not emotional. Use of defense mechanisms will result in anxiety. Freud’s goal is to destroy defense mechanisms and face conflicts to solve them.
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