CL 113 Lecture 16
CL 113 Lecture 16 CL 113LEC
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Lecture 16: March 4 Apollo Healer & Destroyer- weapon is the bow Brought a plague among Greeks with his arrows Chryseis Daughter of Chryses (Priest of Apollo) Agamemnon Lord of men He stole Chryses and his daughter so Apollo swept a fatal plague through Achaean army Rudra Healing & destroyer – weapon is bow Same set of characteristics as Apollo Encounter him in the Rig Veda in India- 2.33 Associated with the mole Similarities between Apollo and Ruda Healing, destroying Associated with rodents Father/son pair Asclepius Son of Apollo Great healer Smintheus- what he calls Apollo Sminthos- means mouse In this role, Apollo can send and avert plagues Strabo 1B.C./A.D. o Greek geographer, philosopher, historian ‘mole’: aspalaks, spalaks, skalops 3 different Greek words that mean the same thing Vowels getting moved around: metathesis Latin word: scalpo ‘to scratch’ Reconstructed form: * askalops Suggests that that form of the word furnishes the word Asclepius Epidaurus Place that has a sanctuary that is dedicated to Asclepius o If you were sick you could go to this place and you might be healed Tholos o Name given to big monumental grave structures, treasuries, one of the structures dedicated to Asclepius is called this o Beneath the floor- subterranean structure that consists on concentric circles o Reminiscent of a mole’s den Rudra also has a son: Ganesa Associated with small rodents Rat Artemis Roman equivalent- Diana Portrayed as a Virgin hunter goddess—weapon: bow Goddess of childbirth Ephesus Capital of Roman province of Asia Minor Temple of Artemis—one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world Actaeon One of the grandson’s of Cadmus (founder of Thebes) Several different traditions of how Actaeon died 1st Tradition: While hunting he wanders into a valley and descends into a cave—this place is sacred to the Goddess Artemis o Within the cave, Artemis is bathing in the stream o She takes water in her hands and throws it in his face o Every place on his body that the water came into contact with morphs into a deer o The dogs he was hunting with overcome him because they smell a deer o The dogs destroy the deer aka Actaeon 2ndTradition: Euripides wrote a tragic play in 5 B.C. Actaeon died because he bragged that he was a better hunter than Artemis 3 rdTradition: Hesiod 8 century B.C. He died because Actaeon had romantic interest in Semele (who Zeus also has interest in) So Zeus is the cause of his fate so he could get rid of the competition Artemis & Nymphs Often is accompanied by nymphs o Nymphs original meaning: ‘a young woman of marriageable age’, the word broadened to be ‘bride’ and now it means ‘any woman’ Oceanids o Nymph daughters of the Titans Naids o Nymphs of flowing waters/springs Oreads o Nymphs of mountains Many of the nymphs that accompanied her were called the Dryads o Nymphs of trees o Comes from PIE * deru ‘tree’
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