Intro to Anthropology, Week 8 of Notes
Intro to Anthropology, Week 8 of Notes ANTH 1101 - 002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Sanacore on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1101 - 002 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Gregory S. Starrett in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Intro to Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
ANTH 1101 – Week 8 Notes Module 3 fieldwork – an extended period of close involvement with the people in whose language or way of life an anthropologist is interested, during which anthropologists ordinarily collect most of their data participant observation - the method anthropologists use to gather information by living as closely as possible to the people whose culture they are studying while participating in their lives as much as possible multisited fieldwork – ethnographic research on cultural processes that are not contained by social, ethnic, religious or national boundaries, in which the ethnographer follows the process from site to site, often doing fieldwork at sites and with person who traditionally were never subjected to ethnographic analysis dialectic of fieldwork – the process of building a bridge of understanding between anthropologists and informants so that each can begin to understand the other reflexivity – critically thinking about the what one thinks, reflecting on one’s own experience culture shock – the feeling, akin to panic, that develops in people living in an unfamiliar society when they cannot understand what is happening around them fact – a widely accepted observation, a taken-for-granted item of common knowledge; facts do not speak for themselves but only when they are interpreted and placed in a context of meaning that makes them intelligible Lecture – February 29 differences in language/accent regional occupational ethnicity gender socioeconomic class how often do people pronounce the consonant /r/ after a vowel? people of higher social class more likely to pronounce /r/ women more likely regardless of class tag questions –a question following a statement or fact i. modal – asks for information ii. affective – manages interactions between people a. facilitative – initiates an interaction b. softener – lessens the force of a command *most women use facilitative *most men use modal interruptions and overlaps overlap – a mistake in conversational turn-taking interruption – breaking into someone else’s turn and taking over *same-sex conversations have the same amount of overlaps and interruptions between speakers *in opposite-sex conversations almost all overlaps and interruptions between men and women were made by men Lecture – March 2 foraging – !Kung people (the exclamation point before Kung indicates pronunciation that isn’t natural to English) hunter-gatherers 1. food procurement 2. relative contribution of males and females 3. generalized reciprocity –if you have something that someone else doesn’t, you’re obligated to give it to them population density based on societies .05 people/km – foraging 40 people/km – agriculture 2 10,000-26,000 people/km – industrial band – small social group Richard Lee – anthropologist who spent many years with !Kung people of South Africa; found that 13% of !Kung change bands within a year and 35% divide up time equally between bands !Kung food preferences had to do with abundance, longevity of season, widespread distribution, and ease of collection elements that structure food collection spatial temporal preferential social o age o gender *women provide almost all plant food, 60% or more of all calories consumed by a band *men provide meat, 40% or less of all calories consumed by a band mongongo nut – important stable of !Kung diet and social structure first buck ceremony – man become eligible for marriage bride service –practice where man hunts for in-laws egalitarianism – every member of the band is seen as socially equal levelling mechanisms – generalized reciprocity, gossip, arrow sharing
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