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Nutrition Notes Feb 29th through March 4th

by: Joseph Landing

Nutrition Notes Feb 29th through March 4th KIN 202 G- Applied Nutrition for Health and Performance

Joseph Landing

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About this Document

One week of notes
Anatomy and Physiology II
Wes Smith
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joseph Landing on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to KIN 202 G- Applied Nutrition for Health and Performance at University of Miami taught by Wes Smith in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 105 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology II in Kinesiology at University of Miami.

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Date Created: 03/06/16
Nutrition -The heart supplies the brain with oxygen. -60-80 beats per minute -Coronary Artery Disease is when your coronary arteries fill up with plaque. Coronary arteries supply the heart itself with oxygen. -Coronary artery disease can take decades to even become apparent. -A healthy diet can completely reverse coronary artery disease. -Autopsies in fat kids have revealed that already had plaque filled arteries. -Cholesterol are carried by VLDL’s and they eventually become ILDL and then LDL’s and they deliver lipids to the body. Which is good. -LDL’s are known as the “bad” proteins, when a cholesterol carrier lasts long enough to get to LDL, they can’t go anywhere else to the body. So they get caught up behind the endothelial wall. Which only happens when the walls of the artery are damaged by things like glucose, high blood pressure. -If the LDL is 5% smaller it has a 50% increased risk of contributing to artery disease. The small LDL’s are really bad. And this comes from a high sugar diet. High sugar high triglyceride diet makes small LDL’s. They slide behind the endothelial space. And they slip through a damaged part of the wall, from high blood sugar, diabetes. -The free radicals oxidize the LDL’s behind the wall, turning it rancid into rotting fat, and then it get consumes by a macrophage and that turns it into a foam cell. The foam cell is going to produce more free radicals, which will make puss and inflammation. It’s basically a big puss filled zit behind the arterial wall. This is called atherosclerotic plaque and has symptoms of weakness and chest pain. -Exercising and good diet can great reduce blood sugar, blood pressure and free radicals. It also dilates blood vessels which reduces blockage chance, reduces inflammation and the mediators and opens up alternate blood pathways. -Plants reduce inflammation. -HDL are lipo proteins that take fat from the body and back to the liver. They take cholesterol right out of the artery and bring it back to the liver. Niacin increases HDL’s, weight loss and exercise can raise HDL’s. -HDL’s of 60 ore more subtract one risk factor. -Risk Factors of Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factros are coronary events in males under 55 and females under 65 Smoking 140 or 90 blood pressure LDL > 130 mg/dl or HDL >40; or TCL over 200 mg/dl Fasting glucose greater or equal 100 mg.dl BMI > 30 or Waist > 40 males and 35 females Sedentary, not exercising at least 3 times a week. And not accumulating at least 30 min of days of the week. -No significant differences between exercise and drug interventions on mortality outcomes for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure and diabetes. -Medication can control symptoms but not fixing the root of the problem. -You need two or more coronary artery disease risk factors, you are at risk. And you will need medical clearance before you can exercise if you are a male over 45 or female over 55. -ABC’S OF PREVENTION: -A for aspirin to lower inflammation. -B for blood pressure medication -C for cholesterol lowering meds or other. -D is for don’t smoke and use Vitamin D supplementation. -E is for exercise. -F is for fish oil. -G is for glucose control. -There are poly pills that have several of those in them. -Red Peppers lower inflammation. -Garlic and Onions lower inflammation. Garlic was the Russian penicillin. -Apple and coffee both have stimulants and anti-inflammatory. -


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