ARTH notes from March 1
ARTH notes from March 1 ARTH 1305
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grecia Sanchez on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 1305 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Max Grossman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see History of Art I in Art at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
We stood up with Hellenistic, which begins in 323 BC (death of Alex the great) to 330 BC (death of Cleopatra). At this period, statues intensified their energetic representation, they tend to be even more violent and intense than in the Late period. 1. ALTAR OF ZEUS It was stolen and desmanteled by the Germans and they rebuilt it in Germany It has a white staircase at the center At this altar animal sacrifices were made at the main cella, tha main purpose of the sacrfices was people’s issues There are two battles depicted at the gigantic stylobate: Zeus vs Gods and Zeus vs Gigants, they both represent the triumph of good vs evil and civilization vs barbarism 2. ATHENA BATTLING The body of Athena is representing a gigantic “X”, which means intersection She is the god at the center and Nike is crowing her, which means she has won the battle Everything in this painting is energetic, extremely violent movement; represents emotion, dynamism and intersection. Nothing is static 3. EPIGONOS We see a suicide here, the man has murdered his wife and he is killing himself It is believed it was part of a much larger group of statues which is depicted a battle He is a barbarian We see the representation of an enemy as a novel person, since he prefers to die rather than fell under the domain of the Greeks (lose his freedom) It is not original It is emotionally extensive in its pathos 4. DYING GAUL It probably belongs to the same set of statues as the Gallic chieftan killing his wife Not original The man here is breathing his last breath before death encounters him, he is wounded by the side and he is having trouble breathing (we can see in his face that he is in pain) It is probably made by Epigonos He is wearing the torque, which is a large necklace which was used for soldiers 5. NIKE OF SAMOTHRACE Principle treasure and original from Hellenistic period Fountain where water created the effect of a ship, beautiful and majestic in all senses Stands from foot to where it used to be the head Part of the monumental entrance in a temple dedicated to gods Arm was originally holding the crown of victory (baston) She is wearing a drapery (erotic clothing that reveals the body beneath it) We can deduce the drapery is wet because of water which elevates the quality of the clothes Dynamism in all senses, it is powerful 6. APHRODITE (VENUS DE MILO) It is original Another depiction of a goddess (they are common in Hellenistic period) Her drapery is about to fall, we see an erotic image; her arm was originally holding her drapery from falling She is about to be naked in front of us 7. SEATED BOXER Bronze original He is depicted in a lifesize He is probably from a group of other boxers statues where it is believed the winner of the battle is beside this defeated boxer We see intensity in his face, pathos detected (his face is wounded, he has a broken nose and a lot of bouncers on his cheeks, he has his ear ripped apart); he also has wounded gloves At Hellenistic times, boxing was practiced by the lowest classes from the society With this statue, we discover there is also an interest in all people living in the society, not just goddesses or powerful people (from elite), but also ordinary people like boxers There is a fascination to the other (enemies, poor people), art in its truest sense 8. OLD MARKET WOMAN We see the image of a woman suffering, she is old and broken She is on her way to market She has chicken, fruits and vegetables on her basket She is an old lady who works 9. DEMOSTHENES Antique philosopher from Greece who opposed to Imperialism of the Macedonian kingdom (the kingdom from Alex the Great) In opposition from this kingdom, he suicide himself drinking poison This master piece was carved in marble 42 years after his death, in honor It is not original (original was bronze) Old man, middle age, you see his bones you can tell he is an ordinary man He has bags under eyes, he looks sad (if he is about to lose his liberty under Alex) 10.LAOCCON AND HIS SONS They were made under the artistic talent of three men Image is showing one Troyan priest and his two sons Carved in 140 BC, when Greece was under the domain of Rome (even then, Greek art is dominating) Statue found in a Roman palace Random fact: when Michel Angelo saw this statue he was so immerse in it that when he created the pattern for the roof of Sistine Chapel he was greatly influenced by this statue Legend says Laoccon knew about Troya was going to lose in their battle with the Greeks, he tried to warn his fellows but they didn’t believe him. The gods, because of this “rebellion” he tried to do, sent him serpents for him and his sons to die (gods were helping the Greeks) Boy on left was added later (notice his side compared to the others) Intense image of agony and physical pain ETRUSCANS These were the people who dominated Middle and North Italy. Etruria=Erustrian Italy. There is a modern Tuscany region in Italy right now. We don’t know where these people came from, but we do know they migrated here in 900 BC. Each city was ruled by a king (monarchic societies). They lived out of mines (great miners of gold, silver, iron and cooper) which is the reason why almost all of their work in out of metal. Rome, at their conquest, absorbs Greek culture and also Etruscans. They traded with Egypt and Greece. They believed in several gods. Periodization Orientalizing 7th century Archaic (highest point in their 600-480 culture) BC Classical/Hellenistic 480-89 BC 1. FIBULA WITH ORIENTALIZING LIONS This Is a gold pin worn by women on left shoulder It is the thing holding the entire cape Worn always by aristocrats (novel women) Very detailed, carved, shows elegance, found in a tomb Lions technique is repoussé It is from Orientalizing period (lions are representing the trade with Africa) 2. MODEL OF We do not have in actuality an original temple from Etruscans, all we have is models and replicas This is a monumental temple dedicated to a god in particular from Etruscan mythology Fortifications made of stones, columns made of wood SOURCES FOR THIS MODEL: 1. Archeology (we learn by gathering general info), 2. Written sources such as Vitruvius (architect who wrote “10 books of Etruscans”, which is a book that talks about Etruscans architecture; he made this book by observing the architecture of his time) It is from Archaic period There is Greek influence in this temple: 1. Columns, 2. Form of the temple is rectangular, 3. It has a roof BASIC 5 FEATURES OF THIS TEMPLE: 1. It served as a shelter for gods, in case of battle, it was believed gods could protect themselves in this temples, 2. Only one frontal entrance, 3. Deep porches, 4. You have a podium rather than stylobater (gigantic podium without stairs), 5. It has Etruscan columns (made of wood, unfluted, with wide intercolumniations, simple)