Southeastern indians 3/2
Southeastern indians 3/2 21902
Arkansas Tech University
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Autumn Stewart on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 21902 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Rebecca Weiwel in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Southeastern Indians in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Southeastern Indians notes for 3/2 American Indian Policy *colonial era: indians are considered foreign sovereign nations by british crown, but.... *sovereignty often ignored in practice -intolerance and ethnocentrism were common Politics *pre-emption -colonists hold title to all indian land -indians only have right to occupy the land- if want to sell it, they can only sell it to the colonists *removal -remove and relocate indians elsewhere -practiced as early as 1682 with the Delaware *assimilation -indians should adopt characteristics of white americans *elimination -policy if indians wouldn't move or assimilate -violence justified by idea that indians wouldn't accept god's law or if indians committed violence first Proclamation of 1763 *british crown reinterprets tribal sovereignty -argue that king must protect tribes from "colonial excesses and injustice" -establish western boundary along the applachians which white settlers can't cross What about the French? *french and indian war (1754-1763) 1 *many indian groups ally with the french *french dominate for first few years *british make some indian allies; french lose some... *british end up winning *france gives up american possessions After French and Indian War *groups who had allied with the french were punished *colonists start considering splitting from england *revolutionary war (1775-1783) -groups who had allied with england were punished *new, american policies for dealing with indians Early U.S. Indian Policy *1787: The northwest ordinance -federal government must respect indian land and property, except in "just and lawful wars" *commerce clause of constitution -places indian nations on same status as foreign nations -federal government, not states, deal with tribes -must use treaties *1790: indian trade and intercourse act -establishes boundaries of indian country, regulates trade -renewed a few times until 1834 Treaties... lots of them *basic premise: indian nation signs treaty, gives up some/all land and some/all sovereign powers, federal government enters into trust responsibility 2 -represents tribe's best interest -protect tribal members safety and well-being -fufill treaty obligations and commitments Removal *five civilized tribes(cherokee, creek, chickasaw, choctaw, and seminole) all have signed treaties guranteeing right to live in ancestral lands *american settlers also want this land... *president jackson decides on new policy -supports removal act of 1830 -president can make "land exchanges" and forcibly remove tribes to new land(now oklahoma) -740 tribes removed(more) -between 1830 and 1840-> 70,000 to 100,000 indians in east forcibly resettled by U.S. army 3
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