Sociology 100 notes 2/26- 3/2
Sociology 100 notes 2/26- 3/2 SOC 100
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Judkins on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Colorado State University taught by John Brouillette in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Behavioral Sciences at Colorado State University.
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Can you just teach this course please? lol :)
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Sociology 2/29/2016 Clicker Questions: ● I would rather work for a ______ company? Big: 7% Medium: 29% Small: 34% want to work for myself: 9% Dont care on the size: 22% Lecture Notes: Temporary Society (bennis and slater): 1. Individuation: We have to be more separated from our groups *We like big classes, cities,etc. 2. Concomitant feelings of alienation: because we like “big” we tend to have a longing feeling *Example: Facebook we try to substitute primary relationships 3. Interchangeability: Don't let personal preferences mess you up; be able to find a job wherever and you can still be just as effective 4. Otherdirectedness: *Tradition: My groups wear green so I’ll wear green *personal: My groups like green but I like blue *other: My groups like greens, i like blue, but i’ll fit in if I wear red *Key: BE FLEXIBLE 5. Intensification of marital relationsh ps *The community isn’t there if you need help *the only small group you have are family *This makes the family carry more pressure that is non existent in a small community *KEY: EMOTIONAL SUPPORT Formal Organizations: A highly structured secondary group formed for the purpose of achieving specific goals in the most efficient manner *example: bureaucracy *Max Weber: If you work for a formal organization you will do good Bureaucracy: Rational model designed to perform complex tasks efficiently *Max Weber’s six elements to promote organizational efficiency 1. Specialization of duties: person has one job and they get really good at it 2. Hierarchy of offices: bosses to keep specialist in check 3. Rules and regulations: everything is fair 4. Technical competence 5. Impersonality 6. Formal written communications *these ideas are the reasons for our standard of living increasing, but the problem is it makes things less personal so that's why there are clubs Problems with Bureaucracy: Bureaucratic Alienation: too much specificity can cause problems Bureaucratic Inefficiency & Ritualism: relies too much on the rules *Example: hospital makes every patient fill out same sheet Bureaucratic Inertia With new computer technology, privacy has declined (p. 160) Sociology 2/29/2016 Clicker Questions: ● What is it meant by Mcdonaldization of society? Class answer: Nonfastfood organizations mimic the organizational principles of McDonald's McDonalds organized their restaurant to be cheap and efficient If you do it this way you make more money and people get more stuff lacks in quality ● Large megachurch often have several thousand members. this illustrates which principle of McDonaldization: Answer:A)efficiency B)predictability C)uniformity D)control through automation *Think of class sizes. A professor can give a lecture to one person or they could it to 200 people in the same amount of time Lecture Notes: Peter Principles: In a hierarchy, individuals tend to rise to their level of incompetence. *This means there will be a day where you cannot keep getting promoted because you are not doing that well at what you are doing because you have been promoted too much Parkinson’s law: Work expands to fill the time available for its completion. Example: procrastination The submission to vericite *162 submissions within the last 24 hours The japanese model: *BOLD=MOST IMPORTANT ● New employees—same salary, same ● Lifetime security (Lifetime employment) You do your job right and you will never be fired The idea that if you are dedicated to us we are dedicated to you In U.S. we do not follow this= many good people get laid off ● Broadbased training in all phases of their operation ● Collective decision making (quality circles) if people have a say in their work they do a much better job Companies give back to their workers (safeway's health center) Companies partake in team building exercises ● Holistic involvement in the lives of employees *READ TEXTBOOK FOR THIS NEXT TOPIC* McDonaldization of society: 1. efficiency get the most done as fast as possible 2. Predictability you know what you are getting 3. uniformitystandard plan/ leaving nothing to chance 4. control through automation humans are the most unreliable factor *Downsides: you have to throw a lot of food away Impersonal Dehumanizing because of uniformity DO people need to be treated as parts or wholes? Environmental issues *Despite the downfalls of this model it has become universal* Sociology 3/2/2016 Clicker Questions: ● safe sex practices should first be introduced in school to students in: Class answers: Junior HIgh (70%) ● Do you believe there is too much emphasis on sex on TV and in movies? Class answer: Yes (66%) Then why do we have so much sex? ● How do you feel about a man and a woman having sexual relations before marriage? Class Answer: Wrong16% Not wrong75% National studies are similar to our answers ● How do you feel about extramarital sex? Class answer: Wrong 78% Not wrong13% National Studies are similar but higher than us Lecture Notes: *Do we make our own choices regarding how we feel about sexuality OR does society shape our opinions on issues involving sexuality? * Human sexuality is an important component of every society How people express their sexuality: *Varies from society to society *Varies within a society over time How we express our sexuality is learned. *The desire may be biological but can be expressed in many ways Our values & subsequent behavior are shaped by our exposure to various forces within the social environment:family, school, peers, & mass media. *Example: internet, TV, etc. How have these forces shaped our values and behavior regarding our sexuality? Sexual History: Ancient greece: males got married and had children; this was not about love at all. Sex was approved for men to sleep with whoever they want or even have homesexual realtions. BUt females were not allowed to do this at all. Reformation: when sex became important for a relationship, love, and intimacy are the reasons for sex rather than children. Renaissance: There was a bunch of new ways to think about not only sex but a bunch of things in new ways Puritans: resembled the reformers Kinsey: (1948) males are having sex not just to have children or for intimacy, but for fun. *There is a change in our behavior and our opinion toward sex Today: It's okay to have fun, it's a leisure activity, sex is now just another activity and is less strictly bound by the puritans constraints. But, people turned in into work and you had to wear certain things and it became planned. Reasons for sex: ● Procreation: childbearing ● Relational: experience, human, primary relationship ● Recreational: feeling, object, secondary relationship *DO people think of a person as human during sex or body parts? The Sexual revolution: 1960’s: fostered a new openness toward sex *Birth Control: the pill gives females more power and control over their bodies *Attitudes toward sex changed dramatically *Double standard challenge (look at figure 6.1 in text) *Extramarital sex: 7 5% of men and 90% of women remain faithful during the marriages Premarital sex: *Men and women are almost equal in the percent reporting engaging in premarital sex *Premarital sex is broadly accepted among America's young