World War I (part 1)
World War I (part 1) Hist1020
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Luke Dean on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist1020 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Bohanan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see World History 2 in History at Auburn University.
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Better than the professor's notes. I could actually understand what the heck was going on. Will be back for help in this class.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Unit 2 Donna Bohanan 2/19/16 WORLD WAR I (part 1) I. Origins of WWI Nationalism throughout the world was a very strong force, especially between the European, multi-national empires-- which means large “states” that included multiple ethnicities. (i.e. Russia Poles; Ottoman Empire Turks and many others). The Austria- Hungarian Empire ruled much of central/east Europe and the critical point of nationalism was the minorities who didn’t want to be under Austro-Hungarian rule. Nationalism also exploded in the Balkans—the peninsula with Greece and many other nations on it, populated by Slavic people. Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina were two very early states in this region. Serbia was independent but Bosnia-Herzegovina was under Austro-Hungarian rule and many Serbs were trapped in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Diplomacy was a huge cause of WWI. Germany had become a military and economic powerhouse during this time and the rest of Europe was scared of them. Germany got this way through the Bismarkian system, which was a series of diplomatic meetings where Prime Minister Otto von Bismarck preached peace and tried to gain alliances. He first went to Austria-Hungary, then Russia, and finally Italy and gained their alliances. So Europe was: Germany, Austria- Hungary, Russia, and Italy vs. France. Bismarck wanted an alliance with Britain but Britain was suspicious of Germany and wouldn’t sign on. Bismarck fell from power in 1890 and his successors were inexperienced and dumb and didn’t renew their alliance with Russia. So France jumps at the opportunity and makes an alliance with Russia. The Germans know the mistake they made so they go to the British but the British don’t fall for it. This created a two, fairly equal, alliance system consisting of the Triple Alliance--Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy and the Triple Entente-- France, Britain, and Russia. This is a huge factor in shaping WWI because it forced Germany to fight a two front war. So began an arms race that also contributed to the causes of WWI with Germany building up a navy and A LOT of guns. In the Bosnia-Herzegovina capital of Sarajevo, nationalism was bursting at the seams. So Austria-Hungary sends down Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife to settle the people and try to improve conditions. There, a Serbian national jumps on the motor cab and executes the Archduke and his wife of June 28, 1914. So Austria- Hungary gives Serbia an ultimatum in which if Serbia (who just formed their independence) did not agree to the terms to have Austria- Hungarian presence in their country, they would involve their allies and effectively destroy them. July 28- A-H declares was on Serbia July 29- Russia mobilizes July 31- A-H mobilizes; Germany issues ultimatum to Russia Unit 2 Donna Bohanan 2/19/16 August 1- German mobilizes and declares was on Russia; Britain mobilizes fleet August 3- Germany declares war on France and invades Belgium August 4- Britain gives ultimatum to Germany to respect Belgian neutrality (essentially declares war) August 6- A-H declares war on Russia August 11- France declares war on A-H August 12- Britain declares war on A-H
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