Chapter 11 Eating Disorders Notes
Chapter 11 Eating Disorders Notes PSY 4343
Popular in Abnormal Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Justin Sequerra on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 4343 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Dr. David Farmer in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Texas at Dallas.
Reviews for Chapter 11 Eating Disorders Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/06/16
Ll39llquot IZH JJI I INU UIDUHUIZHD This general outline is meant as a supplement to the Abnormal Psychology 4343 course taught at the University of Texas at Dallas and should not be taken as a standalone study guide for the overall curriculum However I do hope that this broad summary of the textbook where most of this information comes from helps you all in becoming successful undergraduate students here at UTD Justin Sequerra Normal people scare me American Horror Story EATING DISORDERS ANOREXIA NERVOSA SIDEBAR DEFINITION Symptoms Low body weight fear of becoming overweight and distorted view of weight restrict the uptake of food no variability in diet ltBunmiaervosagt Most common w young women starts w diet and quality D stressful event escalates it The Clinical Picture 0 Goal thin Motivation of losing control over body a thinking dreaming etc due to food deprivation starvation study prove this Distorted Thinkind low opinionoverestimation of weight Maladaptive Attitudes will like myself and psych problems depression anxiety etc and Medical Problems 0 Develop sidebar definition and other med conditions metabolic imbalances D death 0 Body deteriorates skin Ianugo fine and silky hair etc BINGE EATING DISORDER SIDEBAR DEF 0 Like bulimia nervosa they engage in binges but DO NOT use compensatory behaviors 23rds are overweight Most overweight individuals do not have this disorder most of it is due to overeatingexternal factors Similarities similar to binges in bulimia nervosa lose control also worried about weightfood psych problems maladaptive attitudes and is seen in young individuals 0 Differences Not driven to thinness does not begin w dieting and no large gender differences H IIIJIIII Hmli quotl HIIIIIIILIII I lillllll IIIIIIIII39Iq quot III l e 3 Iliallquot III I I ll ill ll llll lll l H I l IIfIIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIiIllle ll llll llllllllll 5 MIl MMMI U 93quot 1 III I W II39IIlllllllll39il IIIIIIV mtngllII ll quot lIIIIIII I39m l llllul Inllqli illwmll Vquot II mII quotI39IIIIIIM l IIIIIII quot I 39I quotW IIIIIIIIIIIIIII W g3 lllllllw wllllmw IaIIIIIIIIIIIWIIIIIIIwI jIIFI III IIIIIWIIIIIIIIIII lllllllll Note Psychology professors prefer to see the exact definitions of specific terminology whenever they are grading essays EATING DISORDERS BULIMIA NERVOSA SIDEBAR DEFINITION Also known as Compensatory Behaviors Vomit Laxatives Diuretics etc 0 Weight stays in normal range D some get underweight D might be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa Students hear about this from media and do it to Binges Secret 130 binge episodes per week with 0 Great tension before binges where binges relieves that tension D but have negative emotions after Compensatory Behaviors Most compensatory behaviors already undergone repeated vomiting helps them feel good about themselves Behaviors reduce anxiety and feeling of fullness Leads to a of binging and purging continuously 0 After starvation studies many people binged Bulimia Nervosa Versus Anorexia Nervosa Similarities Start w diet lots of fear common in young women obsessed w food psych problems increased suicide substance abuse disturbed attitudes toward weighteating Differences Bulimics more concerned about more sexually active have more mood swingscannot control emotion and display symptoms of some personality disorders esp 0 Differences medical while only half of bulimics do bulimics have more constant vomiting and bulimics due to vomitdiarrhea have more heart damage kidney disease intestinal disorders weakness etc Note Psychology professors prefer to see the exact definitions of specific terminology whenever they are grading essays EATING DISORDERS WHAT CAUSES EATING DISORDERS Most theorists use sidebar definition more factors more likely to develop it Psychodynamic Factors Ego De ciencies Bruch theorist poor motherdauqhter relationship I no control bad perceptual disturbances Effective Parents attend to children s needs 0 Ineffective Parents attend to children s wrong needs give them food when they are anxious and give them comfort when they are hungry I Children grow up confused on what they need l need external helpers family 0 May seem like good children but actually do not know how to be independent D control through eating disorders Described as can t put labels to feelings 0 General research support Cognitive Factors 0 Judge themselves fully on weightshapeability to control 0 General support may not be the cause Depression 1 0 Depression sets stage for eating disorders lill39lt w 0 Evidence 4 39Major depressive disorder is diagnosed 0h alongside w an eating disorder usually IClose relatives have a higher rate of depression IHave low f serotonin activity I help 2 Jfllwlltt till i ogical Factors 0 Genes are major factor familytwin studies 0 bc of depression0CD prevalence maybe Hypothalamus esp activates hunger and deactivates hunger w chemicals cholecystokinin and glucagon like peptide1 appetite suppressants Determines genesearly eating produce this where hypothalamus increases or decreases the metabolic rate to get to WSP hard to lose weight cietal Pressures More disorders in the West bc of popular culture models 0 Models athletes performers more likely to have disorder Hidher socioeconomic class more concerned w weight mily Environment Mothers also tend to be dietingperfectionists Qysfunctional familv see sidebar definition D eating disorder natural want for independence harms family cohesion l family makes kid have sick role D maintain family cohesion Studies show moderate support but families of people w eating disorders often vary ulticultural Factors Racial and Ethnic Differences eating habits than their white counterparts Due to their ideals of beauty White women prefer physical attributes while African Americans prefer personality physical goals are easier to achieve 0 However their rates as well as other minorities are beginning to catch up to whites due to adopt white women culture of thinness More oriented to white culture especially Hispanics more eating disorders Most believe white women have these disorders more often even clinicians Multicultural Factors Gender Differences Small percentage of males bc different cultural values prefer more 0 Different methods of losing weight too Menexerci e Womendiet leads to disorder 0 The small percentage of men that do have this disorder are more likely where weight control is important iockeys especially for women gymnasts have the highest Others may also have the same body image as women lean tight toned Want to be more muscular and see themselves as thinweak l excessive exercisesteroid abuse similar symptoms as women Note Psychology professors prefer to see the exact definitions of specific terminology whenever they are grading essays EATING DISORDERS HOW ARE EATING DISORDERS TREATED Goals 1Correct it as quickly as possible 2Address broader factors that led to the disorder Treatments for Anorexia Nervosa Aims Regain weight stop malnourishment amp eat normally How are Proper Weight and Normal Eating Restored LifeThreatenina to force feed D leads to distrust of clinician May use rewards 0 Most Po ula gradually increase caloric intake where nurses use help clients make choices regarding diet How are Lasting Changes Achieved Most overcome underlying psych probs w combo of education psychotherapy family therapy and psychotropic medication limited benefit for longterm care CocmitiveBehavioral Therapv most commonhelpful Behavioral Monitor own behaviors eating and thoughts 0 Cognitive Help identify core patholoqv see above Helps teach them independence and how to control life also change their maladaptive 6 assumptions anqind Familv Interactions Help w adolescents esp to separate child s emotions from their families and to change bad family patterns hat is the Aftermath of Anorexia Nervosa Positive Often regain weight w beginning of treatment lasts years menstruate again and death rate decreasing earlyfaster treatment 0 Negative Quarter of people still have trouble and 13 relapse bc of new stresses still stress about their weight still have emotional probs depression anxiety etc and people who get treatment late and have dysfunctional families tend to have poorer improvement rates eatments for Bulimia Nervosa Same goals as anorexia nervosa is more important than therapy 0 are more helpful w bulimia than anorexia gnitiveBeha vioral Therapy 0 Similar techniques as anorexia but directed to the specific aspects of bulimia havioral Techniques 0 are kept to understand emotions and changing eating behaviors effective 0 Breaks the binging cycle where they are fed the high caloric foods and wait until the urge to purge passes clinician present gnitive Techniques fairly helpful 0 Identify and change maladaptive attitudes esp negative thoughts and perfectionism Other Forms of Psychotherapy then works on relational functions then psychodynamic therapy all coupled w family therapy 0 Can be individual or group group more effective bc of emotional supportcommunication Antidepressant Medications More effective w bulimics than anorexics Usually coupled w psychotherapies esp cognitivebehavioral Psychotherapies are usually practiced first before administering these medications h is the Aftermath of Bulimia Nervosa 40 great improvement 40 moderately recuperate 20 little recovery 0 Overall 85 have recovered fullypartially all who undergo therapy have had lasting improvements in their social and psychological functioning Anorexia Nervosa Relapse after new stressor Bulimia Nervosa 13 relapse in 2 years esp those w harder time in treatment increased distrust longer history of bulimia etc eatment for Bingeeating Disorder socognnwebenaworan therapy mostly to treat binge patterns and unhealthy thoughts also need other interventions to help w obesity 0 Little is still known about this disorder just accepted but high risk of relapse te Psychology professors prefer to see the exact definitions specific terminology whenever they are grading essays ATING DISORDERS RACTICE QUESTIONS 1 Why do African American teenage girls tend to be althier than their white counterparts a They have a higher rate of acculturation b They care more about one s personality 0 They emphasize physical attributes d They are genetically predisposed to 2 Which of the following disorders is often not associated with eating disorders a Panic Disorder b Major Depressive Disorder 0 Borderline Personality Disorder d Obsessive Compulsive Disorder 3 Which of the following is not a similarity between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa a Is usually instigated by a diet b Common in young women 0 Seek to please others d Obsessed with food 8 4 What is the definition of Weight Set Point a The optimum weight individuals with eating disorders want to achieve b The average weight an individual with an eating disorder wants to lose 0 The false perception of one s weight d The weight level a person is predisposed to maintain 5 Which of the following occupations tend not to have these disorders a Performer b Model 0 Athlete d Chef swers to the Previous Study Outline Questions 1B 2A 3D 4A 5c
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'