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ARTH 221

by: Kavisha Shroff

ARTH 221 ARTH 221

Kavisha Shroff
GPA 3.694

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Ancient Greek 3a
Survey of Western Art I
Amy Koch
Class Notes
Survey of Art
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kavisha Shroff on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 221 at Towson University taught by Amy Koch in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Survey of Western Art I in Art History at Towson University.

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Date Created: 03/06/16
Ancient Greece  After Mycean dominance, there was a period of disunity  By 900 BCE, Aegan regions was homogenized  Development of city states took place in the 9 and 8 centuries  In Athens in 6 BCE, a new form of government took place- democracy  Greek culture followed a humanistic philosophy which had a great emphasis on natural human image in art and the themes in art were comprised of reason over emotion. The rational basis for architecture was symmetry, regularity and use of mathematical formulas.  There were 3 early Greek art periods:  Geometric  Orientalizing  Archaic  Vase painting moved from stylized to naturalistic. In the geometric period, art was mostly comprised of pottery  Geometric krater, from the Dipylon cemetery, Athens, Greece, ca. 740 BCE- it was used as a grave marker. The geometric ornament is combined with a narrative.  Technique used is called clay slip wherein the mixture of clay and water is painted on the surface before firing.  Orientalizing- period of greater trade and contact with near east- ornaments are more curvilinear and less geometric.  Ople (Pitcher), Corinth  Made using Black figure technique- incise detail into slip before firing. Red gloss also added by slipping clay mixed with the pigment  Archaic- center shifts from Corinth to Athens, similar techniques used but registers are eliminated. Artists also signed vases during this period.  Exekias, Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game (detail from an Athenian black-figure amphora), from Vulci, Italy, ca. 540–530 bce.  Red figure technique- red figures on black background. Background painted with black slip and the unpainted areas were red. These were less ornamental, decorative, more natural, and descriptive.  Euphronios, Death of Sarpedon- portrays scene from Iliad: Sarpedon a Trojan prince, son of Zeus- sleep and death carry his body from battlefield and Hermes is watching over.  Foreshortening: an object projecting sharply into space looks shorter, distorted.  True optical approach- must have used model


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