Music in World Cultures Week Five
Music in World Cultures Week Five 302
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by catherrinedoll on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 302 at Humboldt State University taught by Novotney,ED in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Music in World Culture in Music at Humboldt State University.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Music in World Cultures February 23, 2016 Africa: MANDE Listened to Ali Farka Toure “Allah Uya” MANDE Cultural group: Mande Homeland: Mali located in northwestern Africa Mande culture is historically linked to the kingdom of Mali and the Mali Empire Kingdom of Mali most influential period of time was 1200 CE 1500 CE one of the most powerful kingdoms in Africa Ruler: SUNJATA KIETA historic figure that brought Mali to influence stretched from the Sahara desert to the Atlantic ocean located at the western and southern ends of the TransSahara Trade Route both wealthy & cosmopolitan traded: GOLD, IVORY, and SLAVES upper territory of Mali is what becomes the Gold Coast sold prisoners of war as slaves traded FOR: SALT, GLASS, and HORSES glass was unknown in Africa not even used practically at that time, just decorative horses were traded for slaves Kingdom of Mali was famous throughout Africa for their legendary armed horsemen horses cannot be bred in Africa because of disease ISLAM was introduced by 1000 CE by about 1250 CE it was declared the official religion by Sundjata Kieta Islamic beliefs were layered with traditional beliefs Two social classes: SULA & NYAMALO Upper class: SULA nonspecialists ”don’t get their hands dirty” class is not related to wealth, you are born into a certain class cannot switch classes from which you were born into, or you will be exiled examples of Sula are royalty, Islamic literates, merchants, and landowners Lower class: NYAMALO occupational specialists ”get their hands dirty” examples of Nyamalo are metalsmiths, woodworkers, potters, doctors, and musicians they have a craft Nyamalos provide with Sulas need Musicians have “power over words” traditionally known as Jali “Djeli” also known by the French as griots and by the British as bards praise singers and oral historians historically both professionals and specialists admired and feared most common instruments are BALAPHON and KORA BALAPHON a xylophone with gourd resonators KORA chordophone 21 string lute strings are arranged on two sides of a raised bridge requires interlock to play February 25, 2016 Basic Song Components Vocal DONKILO: core precomposed, basic melody sounds like singing SATARO: elaboration improvised, proverbs or wit or wisdom sounds like speech Instrumental KUMBENGO: core precomposed, repeated pattern (estinato) basic accompaniment BIRMINTINGO: elaboration improvised virtuosic instrumental interlude Homophonic texture vocals: melody Kora: accompaniment BaMbuti Pgymy a measure of length, the distance between the elbow and the knuckle located in the Ituri Rainforest part of the Democratic Republic of Congo Ethnolinguistic group: Bantu nomadic people hunters, gatherers live in small groups net hunters some scout the herd strong held nets others beat brush the catch is shared Music no concept of specialization Two Genres: Instrumental music is self delactive: meaning music where the producer and the consumer are one in the same instruments are found and disposable mostly tools that function as instruments Vocal highly valued Call and Response HOCKET: alternating fragments between two or more sound sources combined to create a single melody *There are no corrections in Mbuti culture because you want to create solidarity. The goal is participation
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