Anthropology Notes Week 5
Anthropology Notes Week 5 ANTH 1100 350
University of Memphis
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annika Coley on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1100 350 at University of Memphis taught by Dr. Barton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Biol Anth & Prehistory in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Memphis.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Anthropology Notes – Week 5 Primate Characteristics o Limbs and locomotion Tendency towards erect posture and occasionally bipedal walking Flexible limb structure Prehensile hands 5 digits Opposable thumb and possibly opposable toe Nails instead of claws Tactile pads with sensory nerves at the end of digits o Diet and teeth Lack of dietary specialization Due to omnivorous diet – both meat and plants Dental formula Indicates the number of each type of teeth in the lower and upper jaw Cusps Bumps on the surface of premolars and molars o Senses and the brain Diurnal Rely on vision more than smell Depth perception Eyes face forward and overlap Ability to process complex images in the mind Expanded neo cortex Higher mental function Ability to create tools o Maturation, learning, and behavior More efficient means of fetal nourishment, longer gestation period, reduced numbers of offspring, and delayed maturation Learned behaviors through socialization and imitation Tendency to live in social groups o Sexual dimorphism Physical differences between the sexes o Environment and adaptations Our shared origins is from the trees Primates were arboreal Prehensile hands and unique shoulder anatomy o Brachiation Arm swinging o Inherited from common ancestor