Film&Media History (3)
Film&Media History (3) FMS 2023
Popular in Film and Media History: 1960 - present
Popular in Film
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Heidi Hilts on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FMS 2023 at University of Oklahoma taught by Caetlin Benson-Allott in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Film and Media History: 1960 - present in Film at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
Film and Media History 1960-present Week 3 2/2/16 Stories of the working class o A rebuttal against the new economy and culture Shot on location often using non-professional actors What is Neorealism? Kogonda, UK, 2015 Terminal station/Indiscretion of an American Wife o Selznick prefers shorter take instead of lingering on extras o Essence of a different kind of cinema (neorealism) o Shooting on location o Feeling of time and place is more important than the plot Post-neorealist legends of Italian cinema o Luchino Visconti (1906-1976) Began as a neorealist with Russellini and DeSica, became known for theatrical melodramas Rocco e is Suoi Fratelli / Rocco and his brothers (Italy, 1960) o Federico Fellini (surrealist not neorealist) (1920-1993) Known for blend of surrealism and social critique La Dolce Vita (Italy, 1960) o Michelangelo Antonioni (1912-2007) Sumptuous imagery and obscure narratives explore modern alienation L’Aventura (Italy, 1960) o Pier Paolo Pasolini (1922-1975) Radical, often controversial explorations of Catholic philosophy Accattone (Italy, 1961) o Bernardo Bertulucci Last Tango In Paris Explores individual narratives, sexual intimacy Federico Fellini, 1960 “La Dolce Vita” Began as a screenwriter for Rossellini as newspaper caricaturist Films express political concerns through baroque or absurd imagery Ambivalent representations of Rome (especially Hollywood on the Tiber) and countryside La Dolce Vita was his first international runaway hit o Marcello Mastroianni as disenchanted gossip columnist o Denounced by Vatican and conservative politicians o Devastation of WWII contrasted with gold-glittered Jesus o To fall for “the sweet life” is to fall for a world of illusions The Italian Cinema of International Coproductions Sharing expenses and risks helps broaden markets for European film producers and distributors o Access more subsidies and cheaper production locals o Encouraged by creation of the European Economic Community (predecessor to EU) in 1957 In Italy, often associated with low brow genre cycles o Film cycle : rapid production of films on the same subject to capitalize on one unexpected original hit o 1958 – 1965: Peplum/Sword and Sandal Spaghetti Western Cycle o 1961 – 1980: Over 600 films in the cycle o Coproductions between Italy and Spain, Italy and France, Italy and Germany o Takes off with Sergio Leon’s A Fistful of Dollars (1964) Based on Kurosawa’s Yojimbo (1961) Emphasis on the outlaw, extreme violence and pathos Eventually gives way to irony and cheap humor o Often shot in Spain with US actors and Italian extras o Il Buono, il brutto, il cattivo/ The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly Sergio Leone, Italy/Spain/West Germany Blow up, Michelangelo Antonioni (Italy, UK 1966) o An Art Film director’s engagement with popular culture and commercialism (Lev, 91) o Capitalizes on the international popularity of “swinging London” o A thriller that decides not to deliver o How does its form reflect Thomas’s crisis?
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