CHAPTER 10 OF SOCIOLOGY
CHAPTER 10 OF SOCIOLOGY Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology
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Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christina Smith on Sunday March 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology at Georgia State University taught by Professor Banton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Sociology in Social Sciences at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 03/06/16
CHAPTER 10 OF SOCIOLOGY Sexualization: The act or processes whereby an individual or group is seen as sexual in nature or person to become aware of their sexuality. Objectification: The processes whereby some people treat other individuals as if there were object or things not human beings. Sex: The biological in anatomical differences between females and males. Primary Sex Characteristics: The genitalia use in the reproductive process. Secondary Sex Characteristics: The physical traits that identify an individual’s sex. Intersex Person: And individual who is born with a reproductive or sexual anatomy that does not correspond to the typical definitions of a male or female. “Hermaphrodites” Transgendered Person: An individual whose gender identity does not match the persons assigned sex. CrossDresser A male who dresses as a woman or a female who dresses as a man but does not alter his or her genitalia. “Transvestite” Sexual Orientation: An individual’s preference for emotionalsexual relationships with members of the different sexes, the same sex, or both. Homophobia: Extreme prejudice and sometimesdiscriminatory actions directed at gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and others who are perceived as not being heterosexual. Gender: The culturally and socially constructed differences between females and males found in the meanings, beliefs, and practices associated with femininity and masculinity. Gender Role: The attitudes behaviors and activities that are socially defined as appropriate for each sex and are learned through the socialization process. Gender Identity: A person’s perception of the self as male or female. Body Consciousness: How a person perceives or feels about his or her body. Sexism The subordination of one sex, usually female, based oh the assumption superiority of the other sex. Patriarchy Men control a hierarchical system of social organization in which cultural, political, and economic structures. Matriarchy A hierarchical system of social organization in which cultural political and economic structures by women. Postindustrial Society: Technology supports as a service and information based economy. Horticultural Pastoral Societies: People are able to go to own food because of hand tools. Domestication of large animals to provide food. Women do most of the farm work. Agrarian society: Developed about 8 to 2000 years ago Gender inequality and male dominance become institutionalized. Industrial Societies: Factory or mechanized production has replaced agriculture as a major form of economic activity. Postindustrial Societies: Ones in which technology support as a service and informationbased economy. Gender Bias: Behavior that show favoritism toward one over the other. Pay Gap: The disparity between women and men’s earnings. Comparable Worth: The belief that wages ought to reflect the work of a job, not the gender or race of the work of the worker. Feminism The belief that men and women are equal and should be valued equally and have equal rights. PERSPECTIVES Functionalists: Macro level analysis of women and men’s roles. Traditional gender roles ensure that expressive an instrumental tax tasks will be performed. Human capital model. Conflict: Power and economic differential between men and women Unequal political and economic power heightens gender-based social inequalities. Feminist Approaches: Feminism should be embraced to reduce sexism and gender inequality. 1. Liberal Feminism 2. Radical Feminism 3. Socialist Feminism 4. Multicultural Feiminism
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