Chapter 3 notes
Chapter 3 notes COM 101H
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aimee Kalczuk on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to COM 101H at Central Michigan University taught by Papa, Wendy in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
Chapter 3 Organizing Your Speech Organizing a speech helps capture an audience s attention deliver information and form a strong conclusion The main points of a speech are Speci c purpose a general idea of what the speech will be about Central idea covering what the main points will be Main points Several of these the detailed and speci c points you want to make in the speech Example Speci c purpose To describe the evolution of England s monarchy during the House of Lancaster Central idea England s House of Lancaster was in uenced by the reign of three Kings Henry IV Henry V and Henry VI Main Points Reign of King Henry IV Reign of King Henry V Reign of King Henry VI How speeches are organized Chronologically follow a time period ex the reign of kings Task performance Showing steps ex how to build a birdhouse Spatially Following a pattern up to down left to right etc Ex Going across the United States from The East Coast to the West Coast Casually Cause and effect ex The multiple events that led to the rst World War ProblemSolution Usually two main points a problem and a solution to the problem ex how to stop underage drinking Topica pattern Speech is divided into logical and consistent subtopics and are usually nased on research ex how to sh in lakes how to sh in rivers and how to sh in the ocean Suggestions for preparing the main points Parallelism begin each point with the same word or phrase and make sentence structure consistent Use equal amounts of time for each point such as 25 of your time for each point if there are four main points Use connectives to move from one topic to the next smoothly Transitions to show that you are moving on such as quotFirst I d like to say Next we will cover and nallyquot nternal previews that show what you are going to talk about next such as giving a topic sentence before going into the details of your main points nternal summaries Sort of like a conclusion sentence that brings all of your points together Introductions The four purposes of an introduction 1 Gain audience attention 2 Give the topic of the speech to the audience 3 Establish the speaker s credibility 4 Preview the body of the speech Giving a story personal or hypothetical humor and quotations are some good examples for capturing the audience s attention Asking the audience hypothetical questions or giving statistics are ways to help an audience connect to the topic Describe interest credentials experience and research towards the topic of the speech to prove you know what you are talking about Giving a transition sentence to the body of the paragraph helps you tell the audience what the speech is about and how it will be laid out The intro should be short about 1015 of total speaking time Look for parts of your introduction that you can continue to bring up in the rest of your speech for reinforcement such as a particular word or phrase Finally know your introduction well so that you can start off your speech con dently which will establish your credibility and give you con dence for the rest of your speech Conclusions Three purposes 1Signal the ending 2Summarize your main points 3Reinforce your central idea When you signal the ending of your speech the audience knows that you are about to reinforce your main points and will remember them better A way to do this is to say quotIn conclusionquot but nonverbal cues can hint at a conclusion as well Some ways to do this are a crescendo which builds up to the nal point and causes excitement or dissolve ending which slowly gets shorter and blunter in order to get to the audience s emotions Summarizing your main points helps the audience remember the topics covered and can be as simple as restating the basic main points of the speech Five common ways to reinforce your central idea are to use a striking statement a quote highlight the central idea refer to the introduction or challenge the audience to act Formal outline Fina outline in complete sentences format Should be given to professor before beginning speech ncudes Title speci c purpose central idea introduction of the speech outlined or in sentences body of speech in outline form conclusion in outline or full sentences and bibliography of sources cited during speech Tite re ects the essence of the speech Speci c purpose statement tells what the speaker hopes to convey in the speech Central idea is onesentence synopsis of what the speech is about Tips for speaking Use the same outline framework used in the formal outline to help you stay organized and remember your points Keep the outline brief so you don t talk too long or go into excessive oletail Give yourself prompts to help with your memory and to help you know when to emphasize certain points
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