EMF 221.001 Week 3
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ochi on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 4687 at Towson University taught by Marco S. Kathuria in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Principles of Film and Media Production in Film at Towson University.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
EMF 221001 Week 3 Legal ISSUES continued from week 2 I Copyright Legal protection of a creator39s work reserves the right of the creator to bene t from the work ll Public domain When a creator s work is not protected by copyright law and everyone is able to use it without penalty 1 70 yrs after creator has died work is available to public unless protection is renewed be legal inheriting company 2 Crestor o ers work to the public for free but you must give credit Ex Creative Commonsorg website where you can legitimately use others39 works Ill Fair use In situations where use of other people39s works bene ts the public good Ex education research documentaries journalism etc other people39s works cannot be used even as a nonpro t to gain in some way IV Talent releases Contracts used so that both parties media maker and talent are clear about the agreement individual has protection If lm is in a public space then passerby39s don not need talent release if asked to speak they39ll need a talent release contract Rule of thumb always have an agreement written or verbal written is preferred V Location releases Used for liability issues if anything at a location is destroyed in the process of lming the media maker is responsible When using a public space get permit from city or the municipality that owns the space to use sidewalk VI Synchronization rights must be obtained from the original creator use of copyrighted photos video lm VII Mechanical rights refers exclusively to sound sound pay per play fee VIII Sampling cannot use even seconds of a work without permission unless for education journalism research etc When is it OK to use someone ese39s work When the person gives permission The Fair Use Doctrine An original work can be used if it is for the good of public interest Composing the Frame Announcement Test 1 on Chapters 1 2 3 092215 will be MC ll in the blank short answer T he key concepts at the ends of each chapter will be the focus of information rectangular shape inside of which are visual elements 0 Composition arranging elements 0 Framing choosing elements to view within the frame Aspect ratio height to width relationship of frame Horizontal is the rst number Vertical is the second number EX 169 Means the height to width ratio is 16x9 media shot at one aspect ratio but displayed at another creates black bars at the top and bottom of the frame Ex Media gray box is shot at a certain aspect ratio and is displayed in a frame that is a different aspect ratio creates the black bars shows a 43 image in a 169 monitor stretches or compresses images outside of their original form to t the frame they are put in an image can be at its original aspect ratio of 43 but is stretched in a 169 frame which makes the image look wider SDTV standard de nition television 1331 aka 43 HDTV high de nition television 1781 aka 169 Cinema 2351 aka Panavision cinemascope the aspect ratio of media as it was originally intended in theaters Pan and scan conscious decision to crop sections of the content to t different devices Types of Shots Each type of shot shows more of the environment Extreme close up omits top of head and chin of human subject can be much closer than that Close up shows head and top of shoulders typically used to give a sense of the subject39s emotional state Medium close up shows head and shoulders cut off at bosom line Medium shot stops just above or below the waist says less about subject more about environment Medium long shot stops just below knees Long shot full body of subject used to introduceexit a scene Wide shot even more of full environment can be used to introexit a scene Closure the psychological need for wholeness Symmetrical balance creates a sense of balance and calm quoteverything is as it should bequot Principle Approaches to Composition Rule of thirds Golden mean Golden spiral 0 Rule of Thirds used most creates an aesthetically pleasing shot identi es focus point Camera frame is split into thirds both horizontally and vertically the intersections of these lines are used to create focal points when taking video or pictures
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