Week 3 Notes PHI2010
Week 3 Notes PHI2010 PHI 2010
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annette Marin on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 2010 at Florida State University taught by Randolph Clarke in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 128 views. For similar materials see Intro to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
Week 3 Notes PHI 2010 91315 434 PM T00k Quiz The Cosmological Argument 1 2 There exist some beings Every being that exists must be either a dependent being or a self existent being It cannot be the case that every being that exists is a dependent being Therefore there exists a selfexistent being The Principal of Sufficient Reason states that there have to be explanations proving somethingsomeone exists but not explanations that disprove it Is The Principal of Sufficient Reason true Something is selfevident if it is evidently true and the evidence for its truth comes just from considering it How can we know anything when drawinglearning from experience 0 Experience includes 0 Physical Auditory Tactical Sensann etc 0000 The Ontological Argument 91315 434 PM T00k Quiz Anselm Archbishop of Canterbury 11th century 0 Believes that God is so perfect there is no way any other being exists that is more perfect it s just not possible The Ontological Argument 0 An a priori argument Insofar as the premises can be known to be true they can all be known to be true independently of experience or observation just by thinking 0 Rene Descartes French 17th Century 0 all we need is the concept of the supreme human being and we can demonstrate that there does in fact exist this being we don t need to consult anything we learn from experiencequot Anselm39s Ontological Argument 1 God the being than which none greater is possible exists in the understanding 2 It is possible for God to exist in reality a To exist in beyond the understanding b He is not certainbut he says it is possible c Ex The round square refer to readings 3 If something exists only in the understanding but could have also existed in reality when it could have been greater than it is 4 Suppose that God exists only in the understanding 5 Then God could have been greater than He is 6 Then God is a being than which a greater is possible 7 Then absurdly the being than which none greater is possible is a being than which a greater is possible 8 Hence it is false that God exists only in the understanding 9 Therefore God exists in reality as well as in the understanding 0 This argument has the form of a reductio ad absurdum Immanuel Kant German 18th century 0 If I take the subject God with all its predicates omnipotence being one and say God is or There is a God I add no new predicate to the conception of God I merely posit or affirm the existence of the subject with all its predicatesquot 91315 434 PM
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