Weekly Notes HDFS 1600
Popular in Foundations of Family Studies
Popular in Human Development
This 15 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kyler Garron on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 1600 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by David Schramm in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Family Studies in Human Development at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
Sunday December 6 y HDFS Research Methods amp Theories Studying the family few of us can rely on firsthand experience in studying the family Our experiential reality beliefs we have about the family which may or may not be accurate agreement reality what members of society agree upon when it comes to family Family Research Research quotto investigate thoroughlyquot Goal of family research to gather information so conclusions and generalizations can be made about what families look like how they live interactions functions relationship patterns etc Research Methods Descriptive studies focus on compiling accurate accounts of how families live and give detail on how they are organized Explanatory Studies build on descriptive studies by asking the why questions seeks to understand the process and reasons behind certain phenomena Prediction the purpose of many family studies is to be able to predict phenomena in family life these studies identify likely outcomes associated with various factors Deductive vs Inductive Reasoning deductive reasoning reasoning down begins with a hypothesis that has been derived from a theoretical point of view Then test w observed facts Quantitative research Inductive reasoning observes facts then makes generalizations no hypothesis qualitative research Sunday December 6 y What kind of data is required Secondary data evidence and information already existing Primary data collected by the researcher Insider methods questionnaires and surveys by telephone mail in person email internet interviews etc Outsider methods outsider watches and observes behaviors Longitudinal data info from same group at more than one point in time more costly Crosssectional data info collected from a sample at one point in time less expensive Theo es An idea or set of ideas that explain some phenomenon A theory provides logical explanations predictions a sense of understanding some measure of control I unruly UGVUIU P IHIIUIIIILII EIGPG39ULIVU l Family units like individuals go through a series of stages that represent growth and progression Family life cycle Developmental tasks Stages marked off by 1 addition or subtraction of family member 2 varius staes ohildren o through 3 changes in family eonneotions vviotlher social institutions lil39il LJII bLLIII U39ll LII IlUlLIlUH I ll ll GI EPUUMVU I Family as social institution that performs oentain essential fuhotions for society Meets the needs of members enalble the societyF to survive What liuinotions Depends on the society and how it is organized Raise olhildren responsibly I Provide eoonomio support x Give emotional securityr Sunday December 6 y a a are mop w Mi u uwvuu v w stages Ity Newly established couple 2 Families oil presehoollers 39de jfa Families at primary school children fam39l39a Families with adolescents 5 Families in the middlle years a Aging families other researchers have broken the iiarnilyF lite fam ovals into 8 stages Already can you see the weakness 39h Sunday December 6 y Micrcstrstem igndf39ui39uat interactin shapes idntlty rci Mesasasteml arganfzatienai factors that shape the envirpnment within which the individual and intrp relatian occur Also the ccnnecticns letween the 1iraripus micrpsystems exchange between scl lcll and family werktfamily each social unit is composed of interrelated parts that fit together and work together to carry out tasks ideal for all social units to maintain equilibrium and stability biased toward heterosexual nuclear family specialized gender roles l Dating as an example According to the thery dating relationships generally continue until one or both of the partners findl the experience more costly than rewarding 1 rep na ll Sunday December 6 y s personal groups Exosustelml a Environmental settings whlre individuals don t directly particiate cdmmunfty influence eg law enforcement lccal government Macrpsvstem social cultural pclitical hlistprcal forces E madly influences values attitudes norms etc lt 3 key points to know about structure functional perspective Ivuvmmv vmmav nu1 individuals personal resources affect their formation of and continuation in relationships and their relative positions in families or other groups l Basic premise people use their resources to bargain and secure advantage in relationships l Motivations lie in anticipated casts and rewards Rewards l Costs l Reciprocity Exehangle balance Sunday December 6 y HDFS Gender Roles Gender and sex sex includes the chromosomal hormonal and anatomical components Sex role the behavior define by biological constraints Gender refers to societal attitudes and behaviors associated with the 2 sexes Gender role female or male in a particular culture Socialization is the process by which people learn the characteristics of their group Genderbounda es Between 1 and 4 of live births are intersexual the child has anatomical chromosomal or hormonal variations from the male or female biology that is considered normal raised as one sex while emotionally identifying with the other describes an identity adopted by those who are uncomfortable in gender of their birth Sexism is discrimination towards people based on their sex rather than their individual merits there are 2 types women s roles are confined to the family and that women are not fit for the work field denies gender discrimination exists believes that women ask for too much and it is a situation that results in resistance to women s demands confidence strength assertiveness ambition warmth sensitivity ability to express tender feelings New Cultural Models for Women The professional woman independent ambitious self confident Sunday December 6 y The superwoman a good wife andor mother attains career success and supports her children by herself The satisfied single a woman who is happy and not in a serious relationship with a male Gender roles are developed and learned by the media parents and social environments SelfIdentification is developed by the age of three where children begin to fall into the habits they39ve been taught to fit their gender Social In uences on gender Differences Familyparenting Fnends Schoolteachers HDFS Our Sexual Selves How we learn about Sex parents how parents feel how teenagers feel Religion direct influence indirect influence Friends amp Siblings SexEducation Programs Sexual Partners Sunday December 6 y sexual script set of expectations as to how one should behave in sexual situations whether male or female heterosexual or homosexual what we learn from society and media men s sexual scripts in charge confident always ready for sex objectifying women women s sexual scripts don t discuss it focus more on feelings don t be interested in it especially casual sex Sexting becoming a more common aspect due to technological changes and advancements Don t assume anything you send or post will remain private There is no changing your mind once it is sent you can t take it back and it will remain in cyberspace Nothing is truly anonymous Sunday December 6 y Sexual Orientation refers to whether an individual is drawn to a partner of the same sex or the opposite sex Hetero opposite Homo same Bi both Asexuals desire intimate relationships but not sexual ones Early America Patriarchal Sex meaning men are the controllers when it comes to sex and although sex outside of marriage is wrong for women it is okay for men Twentieth Century Expressive Sexuality Sexuality is humanness of both men and women Women s sexual expression is encourage 1960 s Sexual Revolution Birth control Laws regarding sexuality Attitudes regarding sex became more permissive significant change within marital sex 80 s amp 90 s Americans were more likely to approve of civil rights for gays and lesbians Standards of Nonmarital sex 1 Abstinence voluntarily avoiding sex before marriage 2 Permissiveness with Affection intercourse outside of marriage is permitted in stable affectionate relationships 3 Double Standard Women s sexual behavior must be more conservative than men s Sunday December 6 y Sexual values or Govllege Students a David Knox 2001 studied 620 never married college undergraduates r Three sexual values WhliCh guide behavior in sexual decision making 1 Absolutism strict moral code 2 Hedonism if it feels good do it 3 Relativism it depends Extramarital Affairs n Cultural differences Values and beliefs Frequency of extramarital affairs Charaoteristios of affairs Rational choice Strong sexinterest a Relationship dissatisfaction for women a Sexual dissatisfaction and infrequenc v for men i131Firixortunityr Gender differences ETIT IIJ Cyberadultery facebook Sexual Responsibility cheating F revention of pregnancy Prevention of sexual transmitted diseases I Communication with partners and iootential Least Disapproved sexual partners and being honest with their Emotional infidelity motives for wanting to have sex u Responsibility to oneself to make decisions Sexual Infidelity according to ones own values Combined Most Disapproved Sunday December 6 y HDFS What is Love A strong emotional bond with another person that involves sexual desire a longing to be with the person a preference to put the other person s interests ahead of one s own and a willingness to forgive the other person s transgressions 1 A deep and vital emotion 2 Satisfies legitimate personal needs 3 Involves caring and acceptance Love and Commitment Love is viewed as the primary reason for getting and staying married Loving involves the acceptance of partners for themselves Loving requires empathy and commitment Commitment is characterized by a willingness to work through problems and conflicts as opposed to calling it quits when problems arise it involves consciously investing in the relationship Commitment Committed lovers have fun together they also share tedious times They express themselves freely They do not see problems as indications that their relationship is over They work to maintain their relationship Commitment iS sticking together rather than being stuck Six Love Styles Eros Sunday December 6 y Characterized by intense emotional attachment and powerful sexual feelings or deskes Storage An affectionate companionate style of loving focused on deepening mutual commitment respect friendship and common goals Pragma Involves rational assessment of potential partners assets and abmtiee Agape Emphasizes unselfish concern for the beloved e needs even when that requires personal sacrifice Ludus Emphasizes enjoying many sexual partners rather than searching for a serious relationship Mania Rests on strong sexual attraction and emotional intensity It differs from eros in that manic partners are extremely jealous and possessive Triangle Theory of Love Robert Sternberg Three Components of Love 1 Intimacy Close connected feelings quickest to develop 2 Passion drives that lead to romance physical and sexual attraction develops slowly 3 Commitment the decision to love someone and maintain that love develops gradually High commitment amp Intimacy Sunday December 6 y High intimacy and passion High commitment and passion Three things that love is NOT Martyring Afraid to speak up because they39re sensitive to others feelings and hide their own Manipulating If you really love me you will Can you buy this knowing they can buy it themselves Limerence Constant obsession ans fantasizing Emotional Interdependence John Crosby Aframe Partners have a strong couple identity but little sense of themselves as individuals Hframe Partners have weak couple identity but strong individual sense extremely selfsufficient Mframe rest on interdependence equal balance in couple identity and individual Attachment Styles Secure trust that the relationship will provide necessary and ongoing support InsecureAnxious Concern that the person will disappear fear of abandonment Avoidant Evades relationships or establishes distance in intimate situations Sunday December 6 y quot39heelTh y f L 390 We a Few ref IIEWE l Reppert a reete en mutual treet end reepeet I Sellireveletien elfleriingl intimate infermetirl Mutual dBpE dEi rEy etreleping interdependence l F ereenelityr need fulfillment develeping emetienel exchange tend erupptnl 5 Love Languages A Words of affirmation B Physical touch C Acts of service D Quality time E Receiving gifts W trim hate EEEL mms 39F fquotquot E GEE39WI 5 395 e5 Brew at f 4 F f if if Elf w l L H Cf H a is a 7 HM iquot 1 7 7K We typically express love in the way that we prefer to receive it which is not always the way that are partners prefer to receive it WI 15 G U E w 39 IFHH ur Ability to Maintain Live 1 3 4 kur Ability t Mai December 6 y i 39 Infatueiien equals lave chemistry ail ihai mattere Iii it isn t perfect it wasn t meant it be YOU can39t reikindile peseien iF39IGE level dies yeu can never get ii back Tihere is one time eeui mete fer everyne
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