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Islamic Ethics

by: kelliekinz

Islamic Ethics REL 3170

Religious Ethics and Moral Problems
Ross Moret

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Religious Ethics and Moral Problems
Ross Moret
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by kelliekinz on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to REL 3170 at Florida State University taught by Ross Moret in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views.


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Date Created: 09/13/15
Islamic Ethics lslam means surrender Five Pillars of Islam Faith There is no God but God and Muhammed is God s prophet Five daily prayers Fasting during Ramadan Giving aims to the needy Pilgrimage to Mecca 9990 Islam The Religion of Muhammed Muhammed Born in Mecca around 570 CE Received revelations in 610 and migrated in 622 Continued to write revelations for 23 years Recorded them in the Qur an Islam The Natural Religion Islamic view of the prophets natural relationship with God people became corrupted Islam A World Civilization The Muslim Empire Caliphate The Four Rightly Guided Caliphs 632661 Umayyad Caliphate 661750 Abbasid Caliphate 7501258 The Vocation of the Muslim Community the umma Blessing Responsibility The Narratives of Nostalgia Two Traditions in Islam Sunni Majority viewpoint in Islam Shi ite Compose 1015 of population Disagreements are theological but mainly based on different views about leadership and authority Basic Moral Injunction in Islam To command the good and forbid evil To strive to order society in a manner consistent with the guidance given to humanity by its creator Sources of Muslim Ethics Qur an recitation Continuation of the revelations of Allah manifested in both Judaism and Christianity Only the Qur an is infallible Muhammad s life and sayings Found in the hadith literature oral histories about the prophets words and deeds He was a prophet a military leader a politician and a preacher Shari a Books of Islamic Law Islamic Ethical Reasoning Shari a Reasoning The Roots of Shari a Reasoning The Qur an The hadith Consensus of the community especially scholars Reasoning and Analogical Reasoning According to alShafi i Seeking an unknown object by means of certain indications Applying the principle of communal welfare Other forms of Ethical Reasoning in Islam Dialectical Theology Abd aIJabaar 9351025 and the Mu tazila alAsh ari 873935 and the Ash arivva Some Background on Islamic Theology The earliest disagreements were about who ought to be considered a Muslim and were based upon struggles for power and legitimacy The next set of debates occurred during the Umayyad Period 661750 The Umayyad caliphs argued that God determines everything that happens in the world They were opposed by the Qadarites the precursors to the Mu tazila who argued that human beings have free will The Rise of Mu tazilism By the time of the Abbasid caliph aIMa mun 81333 the Mu tazila had gained a good deal of influence They argued that the Qur an was created speech and could thus be overridden by the caliph in certain circumstances The Place of Islamic Theology Between philosophy and shari a reasoning Mu tazilism v Ash arism Ash arism v Hanbalism Islamic theology today The Euthyphro Problem Are morally good acts willed by God because they are morally good or are they morally good because they are willed by God Abd alJabbar s 9351025 Five Fundamentals F th NT Divine Unicity Theodicy the justice of God Eschatology the promise and the threat The Intermediate Position Commanding the Right and Forbidding the Wrong Divine Unicity There is only one God God is allpowerful allknowing living spiritual We can and it is our duty to come to know these properties through exercise of reason Theodicy God s justice God never does what s wrong Human beings have free will God allows certain things to occur even though they may not please God People are punished or rewarded solely on the basis of their own actions Misfortunes in this life have benefits in the next alAsh ari 874936 Response to the Five Fundamentals View of justice Theory of acquisition He created it as their injustice not as His Voluntarism Basically according to alAsh ari Relative weakness of human Intellect humans have no free WI God controls all human actions even those that are sins Humans still are to blame for this sin and must suffer the conseouences


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