Lecture Week One Geo 171
Lecture Week One Geo 171 GEO 171
Popular in Human Geography
Popular in Geography
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bryce Caplan on Sunday September 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEO 171 at Syracuse University taught by Don Mitchell in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Human Geography in Geography at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 09/13/15
GEO 171 Human Geographies Lecture 1 Objectives of the Course 0 What does geography show people in a changing world 0 How does geography affect people 0 How are people and places affected 0 Improve critical thinking and writing Polleverywhere is not used for individual assessment What comes to mind when the word geography is said 1 Maps 2 Ea h 3 Land World People A peer review session will be available for the first two assignments Papers will be handed back after two weeks or before the next assignment is handed out The class is meant to give insight into the studies of human geographers Sec ons o Thinking Geographically Historical Geographies Globalization Economic Geography Urban Geographies Environmental Geographies Population Geographies Cultural Geographies Why take Human Geographies 0 Addressing low geographical literacy 70 of young adults could not find their own country on a world map 85 could not find Afghanistan Iraq or lsrael Human Geography is more than just maps Understanding why human phenomena exist is as important as understanding where they exist Careers After Geography 0 Analytical processes 0 Public private consultancy 0 Geography has the 2 highest average starting salary of 75000year o Develops numeracy teamwork analytical skills technical savviness and cultural sensitivity GEO 171 Human Geographies Lecture 2 Think about the concepts of place and scale These will be important throughout the duration of the course What is Human Geography 0 It relates to the social sciences 0 Indicates a division of academic and intellectual labor changing over time 0 Powerful themes change over time o What differentiates disciplines Objects of study and methodology I Object of study what is being studied I Methodology how it is studied 0 Human Geography deals with spatial organization of human activities and with people s relationship with their environments Why do Ideas Change New research New technology New information 0 Knowledge is a social product not an intellectual exercise 0 The paradigm a way of thinking about how knowledge is certified 0 Paradigms include an object of study and a methodology and an ideology a belief system that tends to be subjective o Ideologies shape how questions are posed examined and excluded and how answers are obtained Circular scientific method leads to incremental changes to a body of knowledge Paradigms and scientific revolutions Kuhn periodic scientific revolutions overturn preexisting paradigms due to inclusion or discovery of information disagreeing with current paradigms o Materialism revolutions based on newer observations Human geography emphasizes spatiaI relation and human relation to the environment Themes in Human Geography 0 Exploration in the 19th century due to imperialism and industrialism 0 Environmental determinism 19001920s the need to explain human behaviours influenced by DanNinism giving lend to the imperialist mentality of superior cultures 0 Regional studies 1930s1940s WWI among other things led to a questioning of the cultural superiority regional studies are studies based on specific populations about the adaptations of those peopIes Spatial Science 1950s1960s Radical structuralism 1970s1980s conflicts against communism racism misogyny leading to more radical viewpoints 0 Place poststructuralism and difference 1990s Current moving away from overarching themes and focusing on the specific 0 Nature Society and Environment 2000s Current global environmental impacts on society Influence and Meaning of Place 0 Place dynamic fluid and socially constructed Places change based upon the experiences of the individuals in the places 0 Places play a key role in 0 Identity formation both individual and collective Ex Gangs have a strong sense of territorial identity Innovation a formulation of ideas through social interaction Ex Silicon Valley Resistance and conflict between peoples of various places Ex Wars between nation states 0 Places are interdependent relying on one another for resources The Importance of Scale 0 Scales are materializations of real social processes related to but not the same as place Includes world regions states communities and the body Scale is fluidly constructed and reconstructed Ex World economies are interdependent People create and modify places while at the same time being influenced by them Conclusion 0 Human Geography is a social science 0 Paradigms change over time 0 Place and scale are key concepts
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