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American Goverment 1101 week 4

by: Collins Birech

American Goverment 1101 week 4 American Government

Collins Birech
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Keeping the republic
william Hatcher
Class Notes
keeping the republic




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Collins Birech on Monday March 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to American Government at Augusta State University taught by william Hatcher in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Keeping the republic in Political Science at Augusta State University.

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Date Created: 03/07/16
Continuation Class Exercise: Lost Identity  You’ve lost all of your identification documents. What authorities (local,  state, and federal) do you need to contact in order to replace the following?  Driver’s license  Birth certificate  Passport  Social security card  Voter registration Federalism and the Constitution  The supremacy clause (Article VI): states that the Constitution and laws  made under its provisions are the supreme law of the land   When federal and state law conflict, federal law prevails  Concurrent powers: powers shared by the federal and state governments  Where powers begin and end is confusing and controversial The Changing   Balance: Federalism over Time  Dual federalism: clear division between national and state governments  Cooperative federalism: mingled and overlapping governing authority  between national and state   Two general trends over time:  Government has grown at BOTH federal and state levels  There has been a gradual strengthening of FEDERAL government. As a result,  citizens receive more services from it Historical Reasons for the Growth of   Federal Government  Early Federalists in power (early 1800’s)   Civil War (mid 1800’s)  The New Deal (1930’s and 40’s)  Civil Rights (1950’s and 60’s) New Federalism and Devolution  Conservative shift in 1980s’ led to New Federalism = stronger emphasis on  state and local government through process of devolution, especially in the  following areas:  Government spending and public assistance (welfare); abortion, gun control, other  “culture wars” issues  But, other areas have seen opposite shift:  War on drugs, education, national security Pros and Cons of Federalism  Pro #1: more protection for individual rights.  Con #1: bad policies  Pro #2: gridlock provide protections against dangerous leaders, quick change  Con #2: coordination problems  Pro #3: Encourages political innovation, diffusion, and competition  Con #3: inequities across government  Con #4: race to the bottom Amending the Constitution  The Constitution is an enduring document because it is difficult to alter.  Two­part amendment process:  Proposed by 2/3 vote in both houses of Congress or constitutional convention  Ratified by legislatures or conventions in 3/4 of the states  But it is adaptable because it has been interpreted differently over time by  the Supreme Court


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